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Apple Management Shakeup Aimed at Improving Collaboration

It can feel like inside baseball to talk about Apple management changes. After all, who heads up any given division at Apple likely won’t affect your immediate experience with Apple products. Over a longer term, though, those managers do make their marks, for good and for ill, and I suspect that Apple’s management shakeup last week may indeed be noticeable to us hoi polloi.

Leaving Apple immediately is John Browett, who took over Apple’s retail operations seven months ago. His short tenure was marked with controversy, since he brought a cost-cutting philosophy from UK giant Dixons Retail that prompted outrage from store employees, limiting hours for part-time employees and under-staffing Apple stores (Ars Technica looked in more depth at Browett’s missteps).

Particularly with Apple’s consistently massive profits and $123 billion in cash, nickel-and-diming retail store employees seems both unpleasant and unnecessary, especially given the reputation Apple stores had garnered for excellent customer service over the years. (The New York Times has an interesting article on how employers in general are turning to sophisticated software packages to juggle numerous part-time employees rather than hire them on full time.) Tim Cook is taking over Browett’s responsibilities until a replacement can be found. If you’ve found service lacking at your local Apple store (a theme that has popped up recently in my email), hopefully you’ll see support improving with increased staffing levels and hours for part-time employees.

More important is the departure of Scott Forstall, head of iOS Software, who is staying on as an adviser to Tim Cook before leaving next year (translation: Forstall is likely out except on paper, likely to fulfill stock option grants and ensure a smooth transition of duties). Apple’s press release announcing the shakeup was titled “Apple Announces Changes to Increase Collaboration Across Hardware, Software & Services,” and I think it’s worth taking that statement at face value. Over the last week, stories have emerged from Apple about other senior vice presidents — Jonathan Ive and Bob Mansfield in particular — refusing to be in the same room with Forstall, citing his confrontational style.

The straw that may have broken the camel’s back was Forstall’s reported refusal to sign the public apology surrounding the new Maps app in iOS 6, which was roundly criticized at launch. Whether or not the problem was as severe as initially suggested, Apple’s focus on the new Maps, when it either was known — or should have been known — that rough edges remained, was a mistake (see “Examining Maps in the Wake of Tim Cook’s Apology,” 28 September 2012). Cook’s apology was classic public relations, and the fact the Forstall refused to go along with it may have indicated his unwillingness or inability to be a team player.

How will this make a difference to you? With our perspective watching Apple over the last few years, we’ve been getting the feeling that there has been little communication between Apple’s different divisions, with a resultant lack of coordination and reduced quality. That has been especially evident of late, as the company has returned to a scheduled approach to shipping products that forces technologies into the open before they’re fully ready — witness Maps. Freedom from scheduled releases was one of the reasons Jobs pulled Apple out of Macworld Expo; it was difficult to get everything ready for the July and January keynotes. Instead, Jobs set Apple on a course to ship when a product or technology was ready and unveil it at an Apple-controlled media event. That general approach has continued, but with the number of products Apple bundles into a single event, not everything can be ready at once. Most recently, you can see that in the delayed ship date of the iMac, creating a situation where Apple’s best-selling desktop computer can’t be purchased right now because the new models won’t be ready for a month or more after the announcement — which coincides with the holiday shopping season. Apple needed to unveil the iMac in what is surely the company’s last product introduction event before the new year, or wait until January or later.

Even more troubling has been what has happened on the software side. The high-profile iTunes 11 has slipped from its promised October 2012 ship date and is now expected sometime before the end of November. Productivity software like Pages, Keynote, and Numbers hasn’t seen a significant update in three years, perhaps due to their teams putting out iOS versions. Small updates to Mac OS X have introduced significant problems that Apple then has to scramble to fix, but not before causing untold hours of lost work for users.

Apple possesses essentially unlimited funds at this point, but it is absolutely true that you can’t just throw more resources at problems. So if we assume that the various development teams have the resources they need, the best explanation for the recent troubles is lack of communication and coordination between Apple’s various divisions. Apple’s management shakeup supports that theory, both explicitly in the press release’s title, and with the way that each of the remaining senior vice presidents gets more responsibility. Craig Federighi takes over iOS and Mac OS X. Jonathan Ive oversees Human Interface and Industrial Design. Eddy Cue adds Siri and Maps to the rest of his online services group. And Bob Mansfield heads up a new group, Technologies, that combines all of Apple’s wireless and semiconductor teams.

Assuming that these four men work well together and with CEO Tim Cook, this move could help Apple improve software quality, coordinate launches better, and bring a unified approach to software and hardware design.


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Comments about Apple Management Shakeup Aimed at Improving Collaboration
(Comments are closed.)

William Lisowski  2012-11-01 21:39
I hope that the realignments will reduce the tendency of iOS to ignore lessons learned in OSX. Case in point: in both mail programs you can choose to not download external images automatically for incoming messages. OSX includes an button to download images for individual messages. iOS 6 was the first version to include this obvious feature. Of course, on iOS you have to scroll to the bottom of the message to find this button; on OSX it's available at the top of the message.

And to what degree did schedule-driven shipment lead to the pernicious problems with excessive data plan usage? There are reports of changes in the handling of data being made up to the final release.
Dennis B. Swaney  2012-11-02 12:02
Saying that they didn't like Forstall's "confrontational" style is rich in that Steve Jobs had the same style. Guess Tim doesn't want someone like Jobs around.
Adam Engst  An apple icon for a TidBITS Staffer 2012-11-02 12:05
There's a big difference between having a confrontational style when you're in charge and when you're not. Plus, everything I've heard indicates that Jobs could be incredibly charming much of the time - he was harsh and abrupt only when he wished to be, whereas it sounds like Forstall might have been more generally like that.
Forestall leaving is all about the outdated and tiresomely excessive use of skeuomorphism by Apple. In the design community (graphic design, interface design, UX, type design, ID, and about 30 other “design” professions/specializations) there is nothing but a great deal of excitement about Jony Ive taking over.
Finally, there is hope that the great industrial design of Apple products, led by Ive, will be matched by excellent interface design.
Ive just needs to bring on some top notch designers in UX and UI to innovate the way he did with ID for Steve many years ago.
Shameer Mulji  2012-11-04 23:07
I've never heard of any SVP of Forstall's caliber getting fired over UI. There was way more to it than that.
Adam Engst  An apple icon for a TidBITS Staffer 2012-11-05 10:49