As portions of the United States sprung ahead to daylight savings time last Saturday, reports of problems on Macintosh Extended Format (HFS Plus) drives began to surface. (Extended Format is an optional aspect of Mac OS 8.1; for more details, see "All About Macintosh Extended Format (HFS Plus)" in TidBITS 414.) As noted in an Apple Tech Note, disks formatted in Extended Format store file creation and modification times as an offset from Greenwich Mean Time. When you check or uncheck the Daylight Savings Time checkbox in the Date & Time control panel, the offset changes correspondingly. On an Extended Format disk, this changes the creation and modification times for files; dates may change as well. Some people won't notice the change, but others may have problems; in particular, backups may take longer or fill backup media. A possible solution is to change the time using the Current Time field in the Date & Time control panel instead of the Daylight Savings Time checkbox. Another fix comes in the form of HFS+ DST Timefix, a tiny extension from Glenn Austin that causes Extended Format to ignore the fact that the Daylight Savings Time checkbox is checked.
Syslogd Overwhelming Your Computer?
If your Leopard (Mac OS X 10.5) system is unexpectedly sluggish, logging might be the culprit. Run Activity Monitor (Applications/Utilities/ folder), and click the CPU column twice to get it to show most to least activity. If syslogd is at the top of the list, there's a fix. Syslogd tracks informational messages produced by software and writes them to the asl.db, a file in your Unix /var/log/ directory. It's a known problem that syslogd can run amok. There's a fix: deleting the asl.db file.
Launch Terminal (from the same Utilities folder), and enter these commands exactly as written, entering your administrative password when prompted:
sudo launchctl stop com.apple.syslogd
sudo rm /var/log/asl.db
sudo launchctl start com.apple.syslogd
Your system should settle down to normal. For more information, follow the link.
- All About Macintosh Extended Format (HFS Plus) (26 Jan 98)