iPad App Layout for The Daily
(Photos by Dan Wybrant)

When an edited story arrives in the layout room, a "typesetter" logs it in, noting essential details.

Then the story is entered into The Daily's content management system with a Friden Tape Punch keyboard.  The Friden Tape Punch perforates paper tape, making one to six holes in the tape for each letter typed. Note the skill required in this task; there is no display on which to check for mistakes.  A typist can correct errors only by striking a key to delete the last letter typed (the machine then punches all six holes, a code that means the previous letter is to be ignored).  Typists who can produce clean copy on this system are considered miracle workers among The Daily staff!

This is the heart of the Friden tape punch system.

Next, an operator, Phil Kunisch, runs the tape through a Compugraphic 2961 phototypesetter, which reads the tape and uses a strobe behind a rotating film strip (one size, one type style per film strip) to expose light-sensitive paper.

The exposed photo paper is developed in a chemical processing machine to produce galleys.

The galleys are then proofread against the original copy...

...and corrections pile up, awaiting the typesetter.

The typesetter retypes the lines or paragraphs containing errors.

The corrections are pasted into the story with an X-Acto knife, sometimes by the editor in chief (Ken Trust). 

Someone--in this case managing editor Jim Benson--types the headlines on a Compugraphic 7200 headline machine.  It, too, uses a type font on film behind a strobe to expose photo paper  The strips of photo paper, which are about an inch wide and can be six feet long or more, are developed in the chemical processing machine.

Nedra Bauer runs the typeset galley through the venerable wax machine (you thought The Daily used glue???).

Finally, Jan Rodger does the tedious paste-up process, placing each story, headline or pre-scanned photograph on the page as specified on the page dummy.  Every element must be perfectly straight and spaced properly, so it will be ready for the next step, which is to create the master that will be imported into The Daily's iPad app.

Next:  Creating the master for import