This article is a pre-release chapter in the upcoming “Take Control of Apple TV,” by Josh Centers, scheduled for public release in January 2014. Apart from “Chapter 1: Introducing Apple TV ,” these chapters are available only to TidBITS members ; see “‘Take Control of Apple TV’ Streaming in TidBITS ” for details.
View Photos & Home Movies
The Apple TV is a great way to show off your favorite photos in the living room. With iCloud Photos, you can see photos and videos on the big screen as soon as you take them. The Flickr App  lets you browse any Flickr user’s photos. Of course, the Apple TV can also display photos from your iPhoto or Aperture library, or from any folder on your computer. Then, you can use photos from any of these sources to Customize the Screen Saver  or to Make Slideshows .
Home movies are equally great on the Apple TV. I’ll show you how to AirPlay Photos & Videos  directly from your iOS devices and even view iMovie projects in The iMovie Theater App .
The iCloud Photos App
To view your iCloud photos, open the iCloud Photos app from the Apple TV main menu. If it’s your first time, you may be asked to sign in to iCloud or whether you’d like to use the currently signed-in Apple ID. Keep the Remote app or a keyboard handy, because even if you use the current Apple ID, you have to re-enter your password.
Next, you may be asked if you would like to use iCloud Photos as your screen saver. I recommend choosing no here, because you probably don’t want a screen saver of every receipt, cup of coffee, or parking spot you randomly photograph. In Customize the Screen Saver , I tell you all about screen savers.
At last, you’re presented with the main iCloud Photos menu. Here’s how things are split up (Figure 1):
- My Photo Stream: This collects the images that have been automatically uploaded to your iCloud account from your iOS devices, iPhoto, and Aperture.
- Activity: This collection amalgamates all the albums listed below that are shared by either you or your friends.
- Albums: Here are your individual iCloud Photo albums, both the ones you’ve created and those your friends have shared. To delete an album that you own or to unsubscribe from an album that has been shared with you, highlight the album and hold Select.
Figure 1: iCloud Photos lets you view your My Photo Stream and shared albums. In this image, a shared album is highlighted.
Select a collection or album to view it. Your photos will be laid out in a gallery as a scrolling mosaic — scroll right to see more (Figure 2).
Figure 2: While viewing an iCloud album, you can scroll left or right, press Select to fill the screen with the highlighted photo, or press Play/Pause to start a slideshow of the collection or album.
Here are some tips for working with photos and videos in a gallery view:
- View photos full-screen: To see a highlighted photo full-screen, press Select. You can scroll through full-screen photos by pressing Left and Right.
- Run a slideshow: Highlight a photo and press Select. Press Play/Pause to start a slideshow. Press Menu to exit the slideshow. (Learn more about Apple TV slideshows in Make Slideshows , later in this chapter.)
- “Like” and read comments: While viewing a full-screen photo from a shared album, press Select or Down (Figure 3). You can “like” or “unlike” (in Facebook terms) a photo in this view by pressing Select — however you can only view comments, not leave them. Press Menu to back out of this view.
Figure 3: Friends you’ve shared your photos with can like or comment on them. To see these, press Down while viewing a photo. To like a photo, press Select.
- Delete a photo: Highlight the image in gallery view or full-screen view, hold Select and then select Delete Photo. In a shared album, you can delete a photo only if you have editing privileges.
- Play a video: Highlight it, and then press Select or Play/Pause. As with most videos, you can press Left or Right to scrub through the video and press Play/Pause to stop playback.
The Flickr App
Flickr is a cloud-based service dedicated to storing and sharing photos. It offers a number of powerful features and 1 TB of online storage for free. If you don’t have an account, don’t worry, because you don’t need one to use the Apple TV’s Flickr app!
Open the Flickr app from the main menu. Here’s what you can do:
- Browse photos taken by yourself or a Flickr contact: Unfortunately, the Apple TV doesn’t support logging in to your Flickr account, so you can’t automatically see your friends’ photos — you must enter all your contacts manually. Fortunately, that’s easy — select Add Flickr Contact and enter the username. That account is added to the Flickr Contacts list, located in the main Flickr screen (Figure 4). Select a contact from the main menu to view that person’s albums and contacts.
Figure 4: In the Flickr app, you can add Flickr accounts and search for photos. In this figure, you can see that I’ve added my own Flickr account so that I can view my own photos.
- Search for photos: Select Search to hunt for pictures of a specific thing. For instance, search for
flower to bring up a grid of flower pictures.
Whether you’re viewing an album or search results, the gallery interface is the same as in the iCloud Photos app (Figure 5). Photos are displayed in a grid. Highlight and then select a photo to see it full-screen, and press Left or Right to move between photos. Just like in iCloud Photos, press Play/Pause to start a slideshow of those photos.
Figure 5: The Flickr (and iCloud Photos) interface is a simple grid of photos. Press Select to see one full-screen.
The Computers App: Photos & Home Movies
You can use your Apple TV to view photos stored on your computer, but first you have to set Home Sharing up to share them. Open iTunes (yes, iTunes) and do the following:
- Turn on Home Sharing if it isn’t already enabled — choose File > Home Sharing > Turn On Home Sharing.
- Choose File > Home Sharing > Choose Photos to Share with Apple TV.
- In the Photo Sharing Preferences dialog, select the checkbox labeled Share Photos From and then choose from the adjacent pop-up menu whether you want to share an iPhoto library or a folder.
- Pick among the remaining options to share either the entire library or folder or only certain sub-folders, albums, Events, or Faces. You can include videos as well (Figure 6); see the sidebar, Sharing Home Movies with the Apple TV , just ahead, for more on the Include Videos checkbox.
Figure 6: You can share photos and videos stored on your computer to the Apple TV via iTunes.
- Click the Apply button, located at the lower right (out of sight in the screenshot above).
You can now view your photos (and home movies) in the Computers app on the Apple TV.
To access your shared photos on the Apple TV, open the Computers app and select Photos. Your photos are sorted by whatever scheme you use in iPhoto or your photo folders and displayed in a gallery view. Select a photo to see it full-screen, and press Left or Right to move between photos. Just as in iCloud Photos, press Play/Pause to start a slideshow.
Customize the Screen Saver
By default, when you leave your Apple TV alone for 30 minutes, it’ll show a screen saver with lovely National Geographic nature photos. Watching that bear lurch at a salmon eventually gets old. Let’s look at how to mix it up.
You might have noticed a Screen Saver button in the upper-right of the various photo galleries described earlier in this chapter. Select it, and you are asked if you want to use that album in your screen saver. Choose Yes, and the screen saver displays random photos from that gallery.
For more control over your screen saver, visit the Settings app and select Screen Saver (Figure 7). From there, you can set how long to wait until the screen saver starts and whether to show the screen saver while playing music. You can also preview your screen saver.
Figure 7: Look for screen saver options in Settings > Screen Saver.
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To tell the Apple TV which photos to display in the screen saver, select Photos and one of the following:
- Built-in photo collection: Listed first in the Choose Photos menu, these collections come with the Apple TV. Trailers displays posters for upcoming movies (yay, ads!).
- Flickr and iCloud Photos: Any album or collection that you can see in these apps can be displayed in your screen saver.
- Computers: If you’ve turned on photo Home Sharing for a local computer (described in The Computers App: Photos & Home Movies ) and the computer is awake and connected to the local network, you can pick any shared folder or album. (The computer doesn’t have to stay awake while the screen saver is playing on your Apple TV.)
To choose a visual presentation for the screen saver, pick from the Screen Savers list. Some emphasize small images, which work well for photos from a phone camera, while others lean toward displaying large images, which is great for photos from mirrorless cameras and DSLRs, but awful for most phone pictures. Since previewing the different choices is tedious, here’s a quick description of each:
- Random: For people who can’t decide, Random uses an assortment of any of the below.
- Cascade (Photos): This animated grid works well for displaying lots of photos at once, and it is ideal for lower-resolution photos taken with mobile devices.
- Cascade (Covers): This screen saver is like Cascade (Photos), except it uses album covers from your music library instead of photos.
- Flip-up: With Flip-up, one large photo shows and then it slides to the side or disappears, making room for the next photo. Flip-up is good for high-quality, high-resolution photos, but avoid it if your selected gallery has a lot of iPhone snaps.
- Floating (Photos): Generally a safe choice for all types of photos, this option shows lots of mixed-size photos floating up from the bottom of the screen and occasionally spinning.
- Floating (Covers): Same as above, but with album covers.
- Holiday Mobile: In Holiday Mobile, one to three images, usually with a focus on one large image, swing in and out of view on strings. The light blue background has subtle, animated stars. Recommended for higher-resolution images.
- Origami: Select Origami and the screen saver displays several images at a time. The images “fold” on and off the screen. It tends to emphasize higher-resolution images.
- Photo Mobile: This choice looks like Holiday Mobile, but with a gray background decorated with dots.
- Photo Wall: Photo Wall displays small to medium sized pictures, in simulated picture frames, scrolling from right to left. Good for all picture sizes.
- Reflections: Reflections shows mosaics of medium-size photos on a white background. It’s called Reflections because you can see the pictures reflected at the bottom of the screen. It’s a safe choice for most photos.
- Scrapbook: Taking a skeuomorphic approach, this option shows photos in various sizes as though they were in a real-life scrapbook.
- Shifting Tiles: Good for all photo sizes, Shifting Tiles shows photos as a tile mosaic, with one or two tiles at a time sliding out to be replaced with new ones.
- Shrinking Tiles: This one starts with one or more large photos, then “shrinks” them down to fit more photos on screen, then replaces them all with more large photos and repeats the cycle. High-resolution photos look great in this screen saver.
- Sliding Panels: Recommended for larger photos, Sliding Panels shows grids of photos in various sizes.
- Snapshots: With Snapshots, you see white-bordered photos stack one at a time and float up. Older images fade from color into black and white. I like this one for larger pictures.
- Ken Burns: Named for filmmaker Ken Burns, who pioneered the effect of zooming and panning on a still image, one large photo at a time pans across the screen, with the zoom level changing simultaneously. You can set how long each slide appears and what transition to use.
- Classic: This choice simply shows one large image at a time. Like Ken Burns, it has its own settings for screen time and transitions.
As I mentioned above, you can press Play/Pause at any time while viewing a gallery of photos to see a slideshow of the gallery. Pause a playing slideshow with Select or Play/Pause, and move to the previous or next picture with the Left and Right buttons. Of course, pressing Menu stops the slideshow.
To set slideshow options, select the Slideshow button in the upper-right while viewing a gallery (it’s next to the Screen Saver button.) You can set whether to shuffle photos (display them in random order), repeat photos, set music for the slideshow and choose whether to shuffle it, and pick a theme for your slideshow. Notice that many of the themes are identical to those that I just described for the screen saver.
Figure 8: Select the Slideshow button in the upper-right of a gallery to set up and start a slideshow.
You can also create video slideshows in iPhoto on the Mac that can be exported into iTunes for playback on the Apple TV:
- In iPhoto, select the pictures, albums, or events you want to turn into a slideshow.
- Choose File > Export (Command-Shift-E).
- In the Export dialog (Figure 9), click the Slideshow button.
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Figure 9: To export iPhoto images as a slideshow on the Apple TV, choose File > Export, and then make your Export dialog look like this.
- From the Format pop-up menu, choose High Definition (1080p) (if you have a second-generation Apple TV it will play back just fine).
- Select “Automatically send slideshow to iTunes.”
- Click Export, and then choose the folder you would like to save it to. The default, iPhoto Slideshows, is fine.
- Click OK.
The export process may take several minutes — or longer — depending on how many files you’ve selected for the slideshow.
After the export finishes, the slideshow appears in your Home Videos collection in iTunes. If you’ve turned on Home Sharing, you can access it on the Apple TV in the Computers app. Look under Home Videos.
The iMovie Theater App
Earlier in this book, we looked at how the Apple TV can access home movies stored on Mac using Home Sharing. And earlier in this chapter, we looked at sharing home movies through the photo-sharing component of Home Sharing. That’s all fine, but for iMovie buffs, there’s another option—the iCloud iMovie Theater.
Sharing to iMovie Theater couldn’t be easier:
- Mac: In iMovie 10 or later, select a project, click Share, and then click Theater (Figure 10).
Figure 10: To send a project to iMovie Theater from the Mac, select it, click the Share button, and then click Theater.
- iOS: In iMovie, select a video, tap the Share button, then tap iMovie Theater (Figure 11).
Figure 11: In iMovie for iOS, to upload a video to iMovie Theater, tap the Share button, then tap the purple iMovie Theater button.
Once your movie finishes uploading to iCloud, open the iMovie Theater app from the Apple TV main menu to see your videos (Figure 12).
Figure 12: To view what you’ve uploaded to iMovie Theater, simply open the app from the main menu.
AirPlay Photos & Videos
Of course, it’s easy to AirPlay photos and videos from an iOS device. Here’s how to do it in the Photos app in either iOS 6 or iOS 7:
- iOS 6: Tap a photo, then tap the AirPlay icon in the upper-right and choose your Apple TV from the list. You can swipe between photos, but if you exit the photo view, the AirPlay connection breaks.
Figure 13: To AirPlay a photo in iOS 6, select it in the Photos app, tap the AirPlay button, and choose your Apple TV from the menu.
- iOS 7: Choose any photo, tap the Share button in the bottom left, then tap the AirPlay icon at the bottom of the screen and choose your Apple TV (Figure 14).
To AirPlay a photo in iOS 7, select it in the Photos app, tap the Share button, then tap the AirPlay button (shown here in the bottom row, with a red box drawn around it).
As long as AirPlay is enabled, any photo you pull up in the Photos app will display on your Apple TV. To turn off AirPlay, pull up Control Center by swiping up from the very bottom of the screen, tap the AirPlay button, and choose your iOS device from the menu.