Thoughtful, detailed coverage of the Mac, iPhone, and iPad, plus the best-selling Take Control ebooks.



Pick an apple! 
Keyboard-based Dock Navigation

If you're a fan of keyboard shortcuts and navigation, you may want try accessing the Dock from your keyboard. Press Control-F3 to enter the Dock's keyboard access mode. Then you can press a letter corresponding with an item's name to select it; press Return to open it, Command-Q to quit the selected application, or Escape to exit keyboard access mode. You can also use the arrow keys, Tab key, and other keyboard navigation keys to toggle between the Dock items.

Visit plucky tree

Submitted by


TidBITS has supported the Macintosh Internet community for over 21 years with weekly publication of award-winning news, reviews, analysis, and opinion, along with in-depth technology explorations and practical how-to articles. This free coverage has been made possible with financial support from a select set of corporate sponsors and numerous individual readers.

If you become a TidBITS member, you'll become a key supporter of the journalism we create every day. But you'll also receive more tangible benefits, including member-only perks and discounts:

  • A banner ad-free version of the TidBITS Web site.
  • A full-text RSS feed (non-members get a summary-only feed).
  • The option to receive new articles in email as soon as they are posted.
  • The ability to post longer article comments, with live URLs.
  • Recognition of your membership (with cool apple icons) when commenting.
  • The option to receive an article's comments via email.
  • A discount on our Take Control ebooks.
  • Discounts on Mac-related products, including 1Password, LaunchBar, DEVONthink, PDFpen, Airfoil, TextExpander, Keyboard Maestro, PopChar X, KeyCue, Typinator, CloudPull, SpamSieve, EagleFiler, Default Folder X, Fetch, MarsEdit, Dejal Simon, Solid PDF to Word for Mac, Password Wallet, and more. (See the details on the Member Benefits page.

To become a TidBITS member, click the Join TidBITS button to go to our payment page. If you have an account with us, use an email address registered to that account when paying, and it will be upgraded. Otherwise, we will create an account for you, and send details on logging in via email.

Join TidBITS!

So far, over 2772 individuals and organizations have contributed to TidBITS; more than 1070 have chosen to list their names below. Thanks to each and every one of you!

—Adam & Tonya Engst

Please note that contributors’ names are updated every evening.

???? Judie La Flamme
A-10 Pilot
A. Murray Sihvon
Adam Bell
Adam Hansen
Adrian Baee
Adrian Beard
Adrian Deschepper
Aimee Jones
Al Byrne
Al LeBeau
Al West
Alan Ackerman
Alan Cairns
Alan Cameron
Alan Danziger
Alan Forkosh
Alan Hedin
Alan Holding
Alan Mitchell
Alan Mitchell
Alan Ralph
Alan Schaevitz
Alan Shavit-Lonstein
Alasdair MacGregor
Alberic Muller
Alex Newcombe
Alex Wiederkehr
Alexander Forbes
Alexander Hoffman
Alexander McAuley
Alexander Tetzlaff
Alexandra L Cohn
Alexis Doval
Alfonso Vasquez
Alfred Haskell
Alfred Hauk
Alfred von Campe
Alia Michaels
Alison Sawyer
Allan Honey
Allen Gainsford
Allen Jones
Allen Kelson
Allen Weiss
Anders Hiredal
Andre Blaauw
Andre Peternell
André Vos
Andrea Suhaka
Andreas Steinmann
Andres Saldana
Andrew Arnold
Andrew Bacians
Andrew Burrows
Andrew Cohen
Andrew Donoho
Andrew EDSOR
Andrew James
Andrew Laurence
Andrew Levy
Andrew Lochart
Andrew Loschin
Andrew MacNamara
Andrew Rodger
Andrew Scott
Andrew Sensano
Andrew Singer
Andrew Tagliabue
Andrew Watson
Andrij Neczwid
Andy Churchill
Andy Gordon
Andy Kaplan
Ann Courtright
Ann Hennies
Ann Hennies
Ann MacKay
Ann Thompson
Anne and Roger Lamson
anne garland
Anne Hartley
Anne Johnson
Anne Le Maistre
Anne Nieman
Anne Stickley Michel
Anthony Cimino
Anthony Coppola
Anthony Nicholson
Anthony Williams
Antonios Kipouros
Archie Granot
Arent Greve
Arleen Welsch
Armin Deierling
Arnie Rodman
Arno Vosk
Arno Wouters
Arthur Evans Jr
Arthur Maddox
Arthur Read
Arthur Umland
Arvid Ekenberg
Ashley Ward
Avi Drissman
b kaplin
B Pinch
B. Jefferson Le Blanc
Barbara Mehlman
Barbara Murray
Barbara Nason
Barney Rubin
Barry Bedrick
Barry Burriesci
Barry Crawshaw
Barry Florence
Barry Fredrickson
Barry Markovitz
Barry McKinlay
Barry Mitnick
Barry Standley
Bart Smith
Bart Voorzanger
Bela Feher
Ben Roimola
Ben Rubinstein
Benjamin Lowengard
Benjamin Reagan
Bernard Hanlo
Bernard Lyons
Bernard Salanie
Bernd Albrecht
Beth Gladen
Beth Gladen
Beth Pauley
Betsy Wolf
Bette Coty
Bette Piacente
Betty Fellows
Betty Ford
Betty L
Betty Larsen
Beverley Robertson
Bill Bennett
Bill Blair
Bill Boyd
Bill Garmen
Bill Hark
Bill Hewett
Bill Joyner
Bill Newton
Bill Paplham
Bill Pester
Bill Pester
Bill Petersen
Bill Potter
Bill Russo
Bill Sharkey
Bill Stoops
Bill Thompson
Bill Veldhoen
Billy V Gates
Bjorn Willemsen
Bo K. Engelbrecht
Bob Arnold
Bob Beason
Bob Black
Bob Dick
Bob Geary
Bob Handler
Bob Kemp
Bob Lally
Bob Leedom
Bob Lew
Bob Perchonok
Bob Peterson
Bob Rashid
Bob Shattuck
Bob Vennerbeck
Bob Weeks
Brad Ackerman
Bradford Pollock
Bradley Stearns
Brent Baeslack
Brent Malcolm
Brent Wiese
Brian Brennan
Brian Carlsbad
Brian Christiansen
Brian Colon
Brian Duck
Brian Gibb
Brian Gould
Brian Hoberman
Brian Hotchkiss
Brian Johnson
Brian McLaughlin
Brian Morris
Brian Murray
Brian Murray
Brian O'Mahony
Brian Ogilvie
Brian Ogilvie
Brian Piedfort
Brian Randell
Brian Tombaugh
Brian Webster
Brian White
Britt Leach
Bruce Anderson
Bruce Blakely
Bruce Borquist
Bruce Bowden
Bruce Brandt
Bruce Cameron
Bruce Feldmeyer
Bruce Hobbs
Bruce Jackson
Bruce Kennett
Bruce McKay
Bruce Ritter
Bruce Sherman
Bruce Shultes
Bruce Stephenson
Bruce Van Allen
Bruce Watts
Bryan Bremner
Bryan Lockwood
Buddy Medbery
Burt Johnson
Byard Linda
Byron Brown
Byron Russell
Caldecot Chubb
Caleb Clauset
Calvin Wallace
Carl Béliveau
Carl Falb
Carl H. Pohle
Carl Lewis
Carl Walser
Carl Williams
Carlo Beenakker
Carlos Flores
Carlton Bird
Carol Bruml
Carol Grey
Carol Sierzega
Carol Van Zuylen
Caroline Green
Carolyn J Graefe
carolyn lee
Carolyn Leigh
Cassio Gondim
Catherine Arthur
Catherine Venturini
Cathleen McGarity
Cathy Scrivnor
Cebulla Tommy
Cecelia Samans
Cecil D MacRae
Cesar Roberti
Chaim Kram
Chalmers Caldwell
Charles Bjorgen
Charles Bronitsky
Charles Bullard
Charles Bush
Charles Butcher
Charles C Counselman III
Charles Christopher
Charles Conway
Charles Crawford
Charles Crouch
Charles E Hamel
Charles Eimermann
Charles Elliott
Charles Hartley
Charles Hawkins
Charles Hine
Charles Joiner
Charles Kite
Charles Kuttner
Charles Lincoln
Charles Lockard
Charles Oldfield
Charles Prince
Charles R. Horihan
Charles Roberts
Charles Rose
Charles Siemen
Charles Spalding
Charles Van Stockum
Charles Watts-Jones
Charlie Colosky
Charlie Dick
Charlie Fleishman
Charlotte Keller
Chris Culy
Chris Du Ve
Chris Engst
Chris Hannon
Chris Hart
Chris Kohuch
Chris Kresge
Chris Lopata
Chris Morrow
Chris R
Chris Sansom
Chris Sedgwick
Chris Skene
Chris Williams
Chrissi Bynum-Degen
Christian Gingras
Christian Kaatmann
Christian Zange
Christian Zwieb
Christine Aus
Christine Kent
Christoph Roettger
Christopher Coggins
Christopher Gaut
Christopher Jones
Christopher Kanagawa
Christopher Lum
Christopher Robbins
Christopher Short
Christopher Small
Christopher Stone
Chuck Kinney
Chuck Lefebvre
Chuck Olive
Chuck Pliske
Chuck Pucevich
Chuck Stucker
CJ Voss
Clare Holtan
Clarence Ching
Clarence Pitt
Clayton Bennett
Cliff Garber
Clifford Laufer
Clinton MacDonald
Clive Shephard
Clyde Grotophorst
Clyde Wildes
Colin Brookes
Colin Gurley
Colin Howden
Colin Phillips
Colleen Thompson
Connie Dowis
Connie Halporn
Connie Klein
Conor Martin
cornelius OLeary
Craig Asato
Craig Heilman
Craig Lane
Craig McCroskey
Craig Wiener
Criss Hyde
Curt Blanchard
Curtis Beyer
Curtis Blanchard
Curtis Sylvester-Jose
Curtis Tucker
Cynthia Allen
Cynthia and Billy Garrett
Daisuke Ashida
Dakers Fleming
Dale Boggs
Dale Hoffman
Dale Mooney
Damian Burke
Dan B
Dan Daranciang
Dan G.
Dan Hassler
Dan Hepler
Dan Hinckley
Dan Oren
Dan Porter
Dan Roy
Dana Rosebrook
Dana Schwartz
Dane Dahlberg
Daniel Beck
Daniel Bensky
Daniel Cohen
Daniel Dorato
Daniel Fisher
Daniel Greenberg
Daniel Griscom
Daniel J Fitzgerald
Daniel Jenkins
daniel mao
Daniel Murray
Daniel Neal
Daniel Ng
Daniel O'Donnell
Daniel Pohoryles
Daniel Riley
Daniel Sherman
Daniel Smith
Daniel Tuerk
Daniel Vance
Daniel Wolter
Danny Mannus
Danny Miller
Danny Trout
Darcy Burnard
Darin Ladwig
Darol Joseff
Darwin Newcom
Daryl Mellard
Daryl V Ball
Dave Creek
Dave Culp
Dave Dennison
Dave Devine
Dave Harvey
Dave Hurley
Dave Kitabjian
Dave Sacher
Dave Scocca
Dave Shaw
Dave Tarr
Dave Traynor
Dave Watts
Dave Watts
David Allen
David Alosi
David Ballenger
David Beach
David Bearry
David Beller
David Bidgood
David Blackstock
David Blackstock
David Blatner
David Bogart
David Brostoff
David Brown
David Brown
David Brugger
David Byrum
David C Black
David Churchill
David Clinton
David Cooper
David Crockett
David Cuddy
David Darbyshire
David Dawson
David Deaderick
David DePutron
David Dorvitt
David Douds
David Dykstal
David Ellis
David Empson
David Everett
David Ferrington
David Finnegan
David G. Kanter
David Gerlits
David Girling
David Goldman
David Grant
David Gustavson
David Hartzell
David Haupt
David Heller
David Hiles
David Howell
David Jarsky
David Jenner
David Johnson
David Kerwood
David Kondo
David Kristol
David Krueger
David Laffitte
David Lerner
David Lewis
David Lipsky
David Love
David Mackler
David Malin
David Matchett
David Mead
David Moody
David Morrison
David Ochander
David Pasco
david perry
David Polstein
David R. Calvert
David Raden
David Ragsdale
David Raymond
David Redfearn
David Rikert
David Rodger
David S Bach
David Sager
David Schaefer
David Schorow
David Shepherdson
David Small
david smith
David Smith
David Summers
David Talley
David Tanner
David TidBITS Stoler
David Tuma
David Weeks
David Weintraub
David Wiggins
David Willcox
David Williams
David Williams
David Young
David Zovak
Davol Peter
Deanna Lynne
Deb Schuback
Debby Clark
DeeAnne Lau
Della Kramer
Demetrius Cunia
Denis Bailey
Denis Janky
Denis Pelli
Denise Kusel
Denise Olson
Dennis Fazio
Dennis Green
Dennis Hayes
Dennis Kendrick
Dennis Pipper
Dennis Rike
Derek Davis
Derek Hilton
Derek Lundquist
Derek MacDonald
Derek Ogg
Derek Roff
Desmond Hudson
Desmond Yip
Dick Esler
Dick Kahoe
Dick van Eck
Dietrich Kessler
Dimitri Boone
Dirk Materlik
Dirk van der Burch
Dominique-Alain Jan
Don Cameron
Don Dempsey
Don Hackett
Don Lockhart
Don MacDonald
Don Munro
Don Pheneger
Don Price
Don Rost
Don Sylvester
Donald Altorfer
Donald C O'Shea
Donald Crawford
Donald Harris
Donald Haupt
Donald Lacer
Donald Peoples
Donald R. Dwight
Donald Reid
Donald Stevenson
Donald Tweed
Donald V Hertzler
Donald Webster
Doris Widger
Dorothy Daybell
Doug Bain
Doug Bloomfield
Doug Cannon
Doug Farrow
Doug Holmes
Doug Mobley
Douglas Caddy
Douglas Chalmers
Douglas Chong
Douglas Forbes
Douglas Frick
Douglas Hoffman
Douglas Holtzman
Douglas Miller
Douglas Whitby
Dr. Fergus J. Lalor
Dr. Gregory Adams
Dr. Kay Westmoreland
Dr. Mac
Dr. Olaf Pluta
Drk Hamlin
Duane Murphy
Duane Stevens
Duncan McRae
Dundas I. Flaherty
Dunham Swift
Dwight Meglan
E Rothman
E. Randy Eckert, MD
E.A. Lloyd
Eckart Goette
Ed Gurganus
Ed Kroening
Ed Machen
Ed Miron
Ed Mullin
Ed Seiber
Ed Specht
Ed Walker
Ed Westemeier
Edgar Medina
Edie Evans
Eduardo de Arreaza
Eduardo Sanchez
Edward Killian
Edward Anders
Edward Anders
Edward Brogan
Edward Byfield
Edward Ettin
Edward Floden
Edward Groth
Edward Imhoff
Edward Kim
Edward Minot
Edward O'Neal
Edward Rowsell
Edward Tedesco
Edward Tobin
Edward Walpin
Edward Wood
Edwin F Bantilan
Edwin Strickling
Effie Best
Eleanor Batchelder
Eleanor Holt
Elizabeth Castro
Elizabeth Whiteley
Elvin Hoel
Emil Maurer
Enith Vardaman
Enrique Terrazas
Éric Boissicat
Eric Eisenhandler
Eric Freeman
Eric Goodill
Eric Holterman
Eric Lindgren
Eric Oshlo
Eric Smith
Eric Ulin
Eric Wacker
Eric Weber
Eric Wenocur
Eric Wooten
Erica Rafferty
Erik Carlson
Erik Husby
Erik Mueller-Harder
Ernst Messmer
Ervin Miller
Eugene Bouley
Eugene Martin
Eugene V Martin
Evelyn Fearon
Everett Millais
F. Lynne Rice
Federico J Muniz
Ferdinand Fuchs
Fernando Corbato
Fernando Rodrigues
Flemming Brantbjerg
Florence Z
Florent ADRIEN
Floris Flam
Floyd Bloom
Floyd Doughty
Ford Robbins
Francesco Perruccio
Francis Hughes
Francis L Miller
Francis Sheehan
Francisco Ruscalleda
Frank Croft
Frank Deleo
Frank Demmler
Frank Geddes
Frank Greenough
Frank Hartzell
Frank LoCicero
Frank M Jackson
Frank Myers
Frank Parks
Frank Satterwhite
frank smith
Frank Taylor
Franklin Bergman
Franklin Marder
Frants Nielsen
Fraser Muirhead
Fred Bates
Fred Brock
Fred Lampe
Fred Lerner
Fred Masciangelo
Fred Miller
Fred Remley
Frederic Neeper
Frederick Baily
Frederick Bullett
Frederick Kruck Jr
Fredrik Borch Lynghaug
Fritz Brunner
Fritz Mills
G Jernstedt
G Stanford Bratton
G. Douglas Eddy
G. G. Neffinger
Gabriel Bramson
Gareth McClay
Gareth Parkinson
Garry Veregen
Gary Ambrose
Gary Burkhardt
Gary Devoe
Gary Devoe
Gary Fultz
Gary Gibson
gary goertz
Gary Reimer
Gary Schroeder
Gary Shackelford
Gary Soroka
Gary Swanson-Davies
Gary Vandeman
Gary Villere
Gary Webb
Gay Castle
Gaylord Hammerwold
Geeta Chaudhri
Geoff Friend
Geoff Servais
Geoffrey Burchfield
Geoffrey Fleming
Geoffrey Fong
Geoffrey Green
Geoffrey Rabe
Geoffrey Wiedeman
Georganne Fisher
George A. Holden
George Alvarez-Correa
George Chase
George Cowie
George Fitzmaurice
George Groschen
George Hogeman
George Hunt
George Lindeberg
George Peters
George Plant
George Ricker
George Root
George Rubin
George Silver
George Smith
George Victor
Gerald Cederquist
Gerald Hornik
Gerald Martinez
Gerald Williams
Gerald Wright
Gerard Freriks
Gerard van Herk
Gerdeen Joel
Gero Marten
Gerrie Shults
Gerrit Kruijer
Gerrit Volck
Gerry Russell
Gerson D Rothenberg
Gil Woolley
Gilbert A Wesson
Gilbert ROTH
Gilles Brissette
Giuseppe Maxia
Glen Turner
Glenn Batiller
Glenn Clatworthy
Glenn Frasier
Glenn Ladd
Glenn Rosen
Goochelaar Steve
Gordon Johnson
Gordon Sande
Gordon Zimmerman
Gosse Bootsma
Graeme Edwards
Graham and Margaret Nielsen
Graham Burton
Graham Green
Graham Howes
Graham Kirkpatrick
Graham Samuel
Grant Crosthwaite
Grant Hiesterman
Greg Davies
Greg Finnegan
greg fripp
Greg Lyon
Greg Norris
Greg Rowland
Greg Scarich
Greg Tunn
Gregg Newmark
Gregory Baylor
Gregory Gaich
Gregory Taylor
Gretchen Summers
Guy Chabot
Guy Plunkett III
H J Heesakkers
H. S. Poelchau
Hal Weinstock
Hamilton Richards
Hank Roberts
Hans de Wolf
Hans Riezebeek
Hans van Kessel
Hans-Ulrik Karlen
Harlyn Thompson
Harmon Abrahamson
Harold Appel
Harold Hauer
Harold Isbell
Harold Smoliar
Harris Ivey
Harris Meyers
Harro de Jong
Harry Forsdick
Harry Lienke
Harry Murphy
Harry Tripe
Hart Bezner
Hartmut Greiser
Harvey Barnett
Harvey Cain
Harvey Gould
Harvey Starey
Heather Berg
Hector B. Epelbaum
Hedgman Smith
Hedley G Wright
Heinz Achleitner
Heinz Gnehm
Helen Hauer
Helen L Rousseau
Helen Sandoz
Helen Summers
Helmut Pummer Helmut Pummer
Henri Thiel
Henrik Münster
Henry Dechert
Henry Harrison
Henry Korman
Henry T Brown
Herb Bowie
Herb Schlickenmaier
Herbert Finger
Herman Nijenhuis
Hilary Bok
Hiroki Ono
Hiroshi Nakamura
Holly Farish-Hunt
Holly McEntee
Holmes Boroughf
Howard Chansky
Howard Deutch
Howard Drummond
Howard Freeman
Howard Kaufman
Howard Kirschner
Howard Metcalfe
Howard Mullinack
Howard Rosenman
Howard Stob
Howard Turetzky
Hugh Lester
Huxley Conklin
Hylke Tromp
Hylke Tromp
Iain Devine
Ian Barnett
Ian Colomby
Ian Conaghan
Ian Eiloart
Ian Ian
Ian Stuart
Ian T
Ian Thomas
Ian Wolf
Irene van Middelkoop
Irving Alan Sparks
Irving Silver
Irwin Mortman
izidor jerebic
J Emil Hunziker
J K Luckenbach
J Keith Smith
J Kevin Smith
J. Kenney Miller, Jr.
J. Scholtes
J.D. Whitmire
J.J. Jager
Jaap van der Veen
Jack Branning
Jack Clay
Jack Corliss
Jack F
Jack McIlnay
Jack McIlnay
Jack Ziegler
James Allen
James Bailey
James Ball
James Bartlett
James Bradbury
James Brown
James Browning
James C Selover
James Daniel
James Donaldson
James Feldman
James Forslund
James Foster
James Gower
James Green
James H. DeVries
James Hamada
James Hanson
James Hays
James Hudson
James Kane
James Kay
James Manseau
James Massey
James Matthews
James Mitchell
James Nimmo
James Parker
James R Cutler
James Renfrow
James Robertson
James S Schenck
James Simmons
James Slattery
James Smith
James Taylor
James Tetz
James Vasquez
James Wheelis
Jameson Forster
Jan Card
Jan de Vries
Jan Scown
Jan Strasma
Jan Thomassen
Jan van Prooijen
Jan Vanderwegen
Jan-Willem Swane
Jane Evans
Jane James
Jane Seng
Jane Stein
Janice Cofer
Janusz Buda
Jason Kerr
Jason R. Ebbens
Jason Tucker
Jay Beck
Jay Forrester
Jay Kappmeier
Jay Kinney
Jean Etcheverry
Jean Hurstjes
Jean Lawrence
Jean LeRoy
Jean Mosher
Jean Philippe Muthelet
Jean Wallemacq
Jean-Charles Oge
Jean-Claude Riedinger
Jean-Jacques Larrea
Jean-Jacques SOLARI
Jean-Marie Moes
Jean-Pierre Bollen
Jeff Andrews
Jeff Bernstein
Jeff Cameron
Jeff Carter
Jeff Carter
Jeff Coffler
Jeff Dawson
Jeff Evans
Jeff Knouse
Jeff Magoto
Jeff Slotnick
Jeffery Belden
Jeffery Rowe
Jeffrey Babcock
Jeffrey Clement
Jeffrey Harrow
Jeffrey Henderson
Jeffrey Jones
Jeffrey Proudfoot
Jeffrey Stone
Jeffrey Vinocur
Jennifer Klau
Jennifer Reid
Jennifer Wheelock
Jens Kaaber Pors
Jens Roecken
Jere Brown
Jeremy R
Jeremy Taylor
Jeremy Whipple
Jerome Kornfield
Jerome Mersky
Jerome Sampson
Jerome Wilcox
Jerry Feist
Jerry G
Jerry Kerrisk
Jerry Nilson
Jerry Roahrig
Jerry White
Jessica Weissman
JF Jongste
Jill Shoen
Jim Banks
Jim Barton
Jim Bell
Jim Blout
Jim Byers
Jim Carlson
Jim Carr
Jim Chaffin
Jim Devaney
Jim Elferdink
Jim H
Jim Hall
Jim Jacobs, PhD
Jim Johnston
Jim Kranias
Jim Ledvinka
Jim Londrey
jim mcconville
Jim McHale
Jim Ochs
Jim ONeil
Jim Pojman
Jim Puskar
Jim Ratliff
Jim Rispin
Jim Saklad
Jim Schlight
Jim Wickman
Jim Wynn
Joan E Deaderick
Joan E F Thomsen
Joan Gehrke
Joan Jofra
Joan Miller
Joanne Morrill
Joaquin Miller
Joe Bob Snow
Joe Gudac
Joe Lachoff
Joe Oglesby
Joe Outlaw
Joe Schnide
Joe Watson
Joel Bowers
Joel Feinglass
Joel Hall
Joel Picus
Joel Tonias
Joel Zumoff
Johan Swahn
Johanna Rothman
Johannes Korte-Moehlenkamp
John Allan
John Bastin
John Beare
John Boetttiger
John Bormes
John Bowden
John Boyda
John Brawner
John Brownie
John Burt
John Buttolph
John C Beatty
John Carpenter
John Carroll
John Clark
John Clements
John Cook, Jr.
John Cooper
John Craig
John Crouch
John Deal
John Engberg
John Erpelding
John F Richter
John Findlay
John Fisher
John French
John Gebhart
John Golden
John Gordon
John Gordon Faughnan
John Haley
John Haller
John Harkness
John Harrington
John Harrison
John Hawk
John Hawkins
John Helbers
John Henderson
John Heys
John Hitchcock
John Holly
John Hopper
John Howland
John Iversen
John J Gallo
John Knight
John Knoerr
John Locke
John Logan
John Ludwigson
John Manges
John Martin
John Mather
John May
John McDaniel
John McDonald
John Merideth
John Miller
john montag
John Mueller
John Mullins
John O'Shaughnessy
John Oakley
John Orban
John Pascoe
John Phillips
John Pitas
John Pulitzer Finali
John R
John Reinardy
John Richey
john ricketson
John Ritterbush
John Robert Cornell
John Rynne
John Rynne
John Sakowski
John Schroeder
John Schussler
John Schweitzer
John Sneed
john solman
John Stewart
John Sugars
John Thielen
john top
John Trapp
John Vittal
John W Carlbom
John W. Baxter
John W. Logan
John Waers
John Wagner
John Willis
John Winn
John Winson
John Wolff
John Wood
John Yaeger
Jolin Warren
Jolyon King
Jon Curwen
Jon Evers
Jon Gotow
Jon Helgeland
Jon Johanning
Jon Michaels
Jon Richards
Jonathan Akers
Jonathan Dagle
Jonathan Duke
Jonathan Durst
Jonathan Fewtrell
Jonathan Garber
Jonathan Langsner
Jonathan Oski
Jonathan Reff
Jonathan Robinson
Jonathan Skroch
Jonathan Sturtridge
Jordan Kaplan
Jordan Orr
Jorg Schumacher
Joseph Bolten
Joseph Bookmyer
Joseph Delaney
Joseph Dziados
Joseph Fanelli
Joseph Goldberger
Joseph Kelley
Joseph McAllister
joseph reynolds
Joseph Whalen
Joseph Worth
Joshua Berman
Joyce Marie Mankin
Joyce Mastboom
Juan Tascon
Judith Battershill
Judy Bohn
Judy Wright
Juerg Fehr
Juha Lehtovaara
Julian Farrand
Julian Gomez
Julian Hickling
Julian Patrick
Julian Patrick
Julian Thomas
Julie Magilen
jurij mojsiak
Justin Daniels
Justin Gregson
Jym Feat
Jürg Bürgi
Karen Erickson Brandt
Karen Hughes
Karen Kirtland
Karen Zack
Karl Laurent
Karl Nyhus
Karl Sevareid
Karl Warschau
Kate Derie
Kate Gilroy
Kathleen Eaton
Kathleen Eckert
Kathleen Larson
Kathleen O'Connell
Kathleen Timms
Kathleen Traylor
Kathy Martin
Kathy Peterson
Kees Wisman
Keith Crook
Keith Holzman
Keith Kaiser
Keith Payne
Keith Swanson
Kelleher Tom
Kelvin Smith
Kemer Thomson
Ken Beath
Ken King
Ken Land
Ken Lindberg
Ken Lukawy
Ken Powell
Ken Spencer
Kenji Koblenzer
Kenneth Allen
Kenneth Bergren
Kenneth Krebs
Kenneth Lewis
Kenneth Lord
Kenneth Marcus
Kenneth Prager
Kenneth Winterberger
Kerry Hughes
Kevin Fitzpatrick
Kevin Fong
Kevin Kemball
Kevin Lawrence
Kevin Murray
Kevin O'Connor
Kevin Patfield
Kevin Possin
Kevin Rardin
Kevin Sambdman
Kevin Savetz
Khoi Vinh
Kimberly Andrew
Kimberly Andrew
King Lowe
Kirk Godtfredsen
Kirschen Seah
Klaus Fechner
Knut Mittwollen
Knut S. Vikør
Koji Sekine
Kris Jensen
Kris Markel
Kris Mazure
Kuang-Yu Liu
Kyle Wisdom
L Carl Pedersen
L. Faye Russell
Lance Levine
Lance Rosenthal
Lance Shapiro
lance tomlinson
Larry B
Larry Blankenship
Larry Fincher
Larry Halman
Larry Landrum
Larry Newnam
Larry Susanka
Laryenth Lancaster
Laurence Bertolini
Laurence Needleman
Laurence R. Martin
Lauri Falabella
Laurie Fletcher
Laurie Iten
Lawrence G Sobczak
Lawrence Grant
Lawrence J. Collen
Lawrence Kerr
Lawrence Paulausky
Lawrence Saphier
Lawrence Thomas
Layne Hoppe
Lee Lippert
Lee Myers
Lee Seelig
Lee Terry
Leigh Shuman
Leland Wight
Lenny Neimark
Leo Butzel
Leo DaCosta
Leo Horthy
Leonard Smith
Leonard WHYTE
LeRoy Blank
Leroy Clark
Leroy Sprinz
Les Fuchs
Les Halter
Leslie Levy
Lewis Butler
Lewis Overton
Linda Cable
Linda Frechette
Linda French
Linda L Engberg
Linda McNeil
Linda Nepper
Linda Russell
Lindsley Williams
Lisa Schade
Lisa Sieverts
Lloyd Loring
Lloyd Stockwell
Loftus Becker
Loraine Blosser
Loren Gerleman
Loretta Mears
Lori Martin-Friedel
Lorne Chapman
Lou Krieg
Louis Bergeron
Louis de Vries
Louis Lee
Louise Olson
Louise Torri
Lowell Wilhite
Lucas Trask
Luis Donato
Luis Rojo
Lydia Christoph
Lynda Chiotti
Lynda Preston
Lyndon Shaftoe
Lynn Appleget
Lynn Cooley
Lynn Richards
Lynn Rybarczyk
Lynn Thompson
Lynne Glazer
M Arkin
M. Lisa Colvin
Mac Bakewell
Mac Carter
Mack Hicks
Malcolm Bastron
Malcolm Norris
Malcolm Ross
Marc Chavannes
Marc Farnum Rendino
Marc Griffiths
Marc Grujon
Marc Rhodes
Marc Salzman
Marcia Blake
Marco De Zordo
Marco De Zordo
Marco Sciurba
Marcus Lynch
Marda Barthuli
Maria Arguello
Marie Anne de Roos
Marie Baker
Marie H Putnam
Marilyn Dispensa
Marilyn Olson
Marina Epelman
Marinus Vaarkamp
Mario S. De Pillis, Sr.
Mark Alexander
Mark Allen
Mark Berger
Mark Carlstein
Mark Chaffin
Mark Cuthbert-Brown
Mark Druy
Mark E Estes
Mark Eilers
Mark Fuss
Mark H. Zollinhofer
Mark Hixson
Mark Ingle
Mark Lavelle
Mark Martinez
Mark McAuliffe
Mark McKinnon
Mark Miller
Mark Palmerino
Mark Pearson
Mark Setrem
Mark Smith
Mark Smith
Mark Thomas
Mark Ventura
Mark Virkus
Mark Watzke
Mark Weinberg
Mark Williamson
Mark Withers
Markus Reisenleitner
Markus Rutz
marlene grover
Marlin Deckert
Marriott Smart
Marti Hill
Martin Bleackley
Martin Brait
Martin Cahn
Martin Gluck
Martin Hahn
Martin L Posner
Martin Stephens
Martin Taylor
Martin Wagenmann
Marty Gay
Marvin Cross
Mary Davidson
Mary Henry
Mary Tod
Maryanne Solomon
Masahiro Homma
Masato Sawada
Mateo Jungman
Mats Wallen
Matt Zehner
Matthew E. Walworth
Matthew Karp
Matthew McCaffrey
Matthew Miller
Matthew Stevens
Matthew Tolchin
Matthias Steffens
Maurice Weitman
Max Beckman-Harned
Maximir Alvarez
Mayer Fistal
Mehran Goulian
Meir Weingarten
Melba Hoover
Melissa Hines
Melton Low
Melvyn Halbert
Mia J.
Mic Milic Frederickx
Michael Adams
Michael Anderson
Michael Bach
Michael Batesel
Michael Blackstone
Michael Blake
Michael Bradley
Michael Bushey
Michael Cohen
Michael Cohen
Michael Conlon
Michael Crane
Michael Curtis
Michael Daren
Michael Delfiner
Michael Destefano Jr
Michael Dingerson
Michael Dodge
Michael Durrant
Michael Dwyer
Michael Fessler
Michael Finney
Michael Flick
Michael Freeman
Michael Grant White
Michael Hallsted
Michael Hannemann
Michael Harris
Michael Hartman
Michael Hayes
Michael Heskin
Michael House
Michael J Bolesta
Michael Josephy
Michael Kemper
Michael Lisi
Michael Logue
Michael Maloney
Michael May
Michael Müller-Hillebrand
Michael McConnell Cass
Michael McLane
Michael Naber
Michael Nelson
Michael Pinkowski
Michael Preece
Michael Proper
Michael R Erb
Michael R Noonan
Michael Roth
Michael Rourke
michael scriven
Michael Sherman
Michael Simmons
Michael Simon
Michael Slade
Michael Stewart
Michael Stoner
Michael Villebeck
Michael Watts
Michael Weavind
Michael Weyman
Michael White
Michael Whyte
Michael Willis
Michel Dozois
Michel Hedley
Michihiro Matsuda
Miguel Ángel García Baz
Mikael Grounes
Mike Bogen
Mike Chace-Ortiz
Mike Cohen
Mike Harahan
Mike Kelly
Mike Millard
Mike Reid
Mike Schienle
Mike Vlasman
Mike Williams
Mike Wilson
Miles Anderson
Miles Levit
Minus van Baalen
Miraz Jordan
Miro Lucassen
Mitchell Barnhart
Monte Lorenzet
Montie Felman
morey silverman
morley chalmers
morley cooper
Morton Johnson
Murray Clayton
Murry Christensen
Myron Molnau
N Paul Neilson
Nancy Albrecht
Nancy Andreasen
Nancy Banta
Nancy Holloway
Nancy Howard
Nancy Hyland
Nancy Hyland
Nancy Piver
Nanette DeMasters
Nathan Duke
Nathan Schwam
Nathan Zimmerman
Nav Bhullar
Neal Collins
Neal Walker
Neil Bartlett
Neil Faiman
Neil Galarneau
Neil Green
Neil Laubenthal
Neil Salkind
Neil Story
Nelis van Nahuijs
Nello Lucchesi
Nevin Savage
Nicholas Avery
Nicholas Dennys
Nicholas Orr
Nicholas Robson
Nick Fowler
Nick Moon
Nick Pappas
nicky schleider
Nico van Eikema Hommes
Nien-Po Chen
Nigel French
Nigel Healey
Nigel Smith
Nigel Warren
Niklaus Hostettler
Nikolaj de Fine Licht
Nina Contini Melis
Noel Macwhirter
Norbert E. Fuchs
Norm Beazer
Norm Corriveau
Norm Harris
Norm Loomer
Norm.R. Slater
Norman Brooks
Norman D. Lawson
Norman Rose
Norman Stoehr
Norman Taylor
Norman Turrill
Norman Wikner
O.J Schouwstra
Oliver Saunders
Oscar Ogg
Otto Eggers
P T Withington
Palle Juul Sørensen
Pam Lund
Pamela Taylor
Pascal Chavaillaz
Pascal Rogger
Pat Lee
Patirck Sneyers
Patric Schatzmann
patricia burnes
Patricia C. Erickson
Patricia Pfitsch
Patrick Bunk
Patrick Crowe
Patrick Demaret
Patrick Inhofer
Patrick Linehan
Patrick long
Patrick McGovern
Patrick Quinlan
Patrick Weyer
Paul Belmont
Paul Brown
Paul Brown
Paul Butterfield
Paul Clark
Paul Collins
Paul Cooper
Paul Corr
Paul D Anderson
Paul Glenn
Paul Guinnessy
Paul Hailes
Paul Kelly
Paul Koehler
Paul Koreneff
Paul Malboeuf
Paul McShane
Paul Michaelis
Paul Packbier
Paul Porter
Paul Purcell
Paul R. Duffly
Paul R. Simmons
Paul Riggs
Paul Schinder
Paul Schreiber
Paul Schwan
Paul Summers
Paul Taylor
Paul Tople
Paul Walters
Paul Wilson
Penelope Cansler
Per Westerlund
Perry S. Prince
Pete Lindsay
Peter A. de Coulon
Peter Banks
Peter Brown
Peter Bullen
Peter Dasent
Peter Donlevy
Peter Dubbelman
Peter Eisenbrown
Peter Erbland
Peter Flint
Peter Hopkins
Peter Hunter
Peter Hyndman
Peter J Watson
Peter Kemble
Peter Landers
Peter Lane
peter lindenmeyer
Peter McGovern
Peter Meyer
Peter Meyer
Peter Murphy
Peter Northfield
Peter Raus
Peter Ridland
Peter Sidell
Peter Sloep
Peter Stewart
Peter Stoddard
Peter T. Christy
Peter Tatikian
Peter Trinder
Peter Tuft
Peter Uetz
Peter Wesly
Peter Willis
Peter Yarensky
Phil Gaskill
Phil Geller
Phil Leece
Phil Redman
Philip Enslow
Philip Jackson
Philip Jones
Philip Kassel
Philip Lipton
Philip Matthews
Philip Noguchi
Philippe Borremans
Philippe Dubé
Philippe Lecarpentier
Phillip Bussey
Phillip Hofmeister
Phyllis Payne
Pierce J. Flynn
Pierre Robert
Preben Bødker Nielsen
Priscilla Ice
R de Swart
R. van Elk
Rainer Lanz
Ralph Caspers
Ralph J Smith
Ralph Kinnear
Ralph Love
Ralph Wagner
Rami Ranel
Ramón J. Terrazas M.D., M.P.H.
Rand Baldwin
Randall Godfrey
Randy Bledsoe
Randy Spydell
Randy Stokes
Raul E. Barragan
Ray Chatterton
Ray Cheydleur
Ray Jaszcza
Ray Kloss
Ray Rhoads
Ray Thompson
Ray Trujillo
Raymond Bennett
Raymond Brady
Raymond Osborn
Raymond Paradis
Raymond Perrault
Rees Midgley
Reid Blondell
Reinhart Pawelitzki
Renate Wesselingh
René Noesen
Reto Studer
Rex Vaughn
Rex Williamson
rhett bohling
Rhoden Streeter
Rich Claybaker
Rich Mogull
Richard A Mageau
Richard A Munson
Richard Aubry
Richard Benoit
Richard Dechance
Richard Fiddler
Richard Fons
Richard Ford
Richard Funke
Richard Furnas
Richard Glantz
Richard Healey
Richard Jones
Richard Kempe
Richard Lavin
Richard Miller
Richard Milne
Richard Moore
Richard Mulligan
Richard Parcel
Richard Rayne
Richard Reitz
Richard Rothstein
Richard Rufer
Richard Sinclair
Richard Smith
Richard Smykla
Richard Stanley
Richard Taylor
Richard Theriault
Richard Thomson
Richard Thorpe
Richard V McLallen
Richard Wilson
Rick Bourne
Rick Chlopan
Rick DeNatale
Rick Evarts
Rick Francis
Ricky Rodriguez
Rob & Danielle Sandmann
Rob Jones
Rob Olian
Rob Prout
Rob Whitworth
Robert A Panero
Robert Abdalian
Robert Anderson
Robert Arbeit
Robert B. Morgan
Robert Biniaz
Robert Candey
Robert Carpenter
Robert Chaput
Robert Church
Robert Churches
Robert Corsaro
Robert Cradock
Robert Dahlke
Robert Dain
Robert Dalsemer
Robert E. Hazard
Robert Enzminger
Robert Forrest
Robert Fowles
Robert Fulks
Robert Goshko
Robert Gould
Robert Hayes
Robert Hendry
Robert Hingst
Robert Hjorth
Robert Holmes
Robert Howells
Robert Jehle
Robert Joyce
Robert Kawaratani
Robert Krakow
Robert Ladle
Robert Macfarlane
Robert Maizner
Robert Martin
Robert McCullam
Robert McFarland
Robert Meagher MD
Robert Moody
Robert Morrison
Robert Munger
Robert Porter
Robert Putman
Robert Pyle
Robert Rogers
Robert Rosenberg
Robert Schoenholtz
Robert Siegel
Robert Snow
Robert Steinberg
Robert Storer
Robert T. Walker II
Robert Tallitsch
Robert Townsend
Robert Turrel
Robert Vargas
Robert Whiton
Robert Winchester
Robert Zadek
Roberto Perelman
Robin Briggs
Robin Lee
Rochelle Broder-Singer
Roddy Trull
Rodney Haydon
Rodney Keck
Roger Adams
Roger Gerrard
Roger Moffat
Roger Parish
Roger Van Ghent
Roland Michaud
Rolf Giebel
Ron Gillmore
Ron Keyes
Ron Risley
Ron Sedlak
Ron Ulmer
Ron Yantzi
Ronald Acheson
Ronald Bellamy
Ronald C Rankin
Ronald Gehrmann
Ronald Green
Ronald Jenkins
Ronald Jenkins
Ronald Lamars
Ronald Lynch
Ronald Roberts
Ronald Stephens
Ronald Sweet
Ronald Weisman
Ronald Weisman
Ronda Brown
Ronnie Roche
Ros Sharp
Rose Sage Barone
Rosemary Lynch
Ross Downes
Ross McKenzie
Ross Moran
Rowland Carson
Roxanne Guilhamet
Roy Gay
Roy LeCates
Roy Minor
Roy Patience
Roy Plhak
Rudolf T A Bredderman
Rue Hass
Rune Skretting
Russell Carr
Russell Ginns
Russell Hollenbeck
Russell Sheinkopf, MD
Russell Walasek
Ruth Lucchesi
Ruth Woody
Ryan VanDeventer
Ryoichi Morita
S Edwin Webb
S K Nethery III
Sally Neuman
Sam Boskey
Sam Ginsberg
Sam McCandless
Sam Silverman
Sam Sugiyama
Samson Tu
Samuel Ely
Samuel Gasster
Samuel Reichberg
Samuel Schwartz
Sandra Johnakin
Sandro Cuccia
Sanford Fitzig
Sanford Lung
Sarah Doxiadis
Schaefer, Michael C.
Scot Mcphee
Scott Citron
Scott Colby
Scott Hanson
Scott Hards
Scott Keesling
Scott McGerik
Scott McNally
Scott Wyant
Scott Wyant
Scribner Messenger
Sean Duerr
Sean McGrath
Sean O'Donnell-Brown
Sean Walmsley
Sebastiaan Teunis
Sebastian Bernhardt
Sebastian Hagedorn
Sebastien thugnet
Serge acker
Shana Fox-Martin
Shannon O'Neill
Sharon Gibbs
Sharon Hurley
Sharon Krull
Sharp James M.
Shawn Medero
Shawn Plank
sheila hobbs
Sheldon Kay
Sheldon Kraicer
Shelly Chandhok
Shelly Chandhok
Sheppard Gordon
Sheri Lanza
Sherry Lienert
Shih Tung Ngiam
Shirley Jordan
Shoshanna Green
Sidney Gage
Simon Bowler
Simon Dawson
Simon Elliott
Simon Pugh
Sita Likuski
Sonia Zighelboim
Sonny Coccera
Staale Olesen
Stan Haines
Stan Hall
Stan Hall
Stan Hoffman
Stan Kerr
Stanley Kugelmass
Stefan Fries
Stefan Keydel
Stella Grey
Stephan Ihnken
Stephan Kiefer
Stephan Koplowitz
Stephanie Stephanie
Stephen DeGiulio
Stephen Fortmann
Stephen Karp
Stephen Karp
Stephen Kay
Stephen Keese
Stephen Orbach
Stephen Toth
Steve Albin
Steve Beuerman
Steve Bowser
Steve Brownfield
Steve Bruce
Steve Deckel
Steve Hall
Steve Hodgson
Steve Johgart
Steve Kline
Steve Koeppen
Steve Lazarus
Steve Meyer
Steve Nicholson
Steve Schifrin
Steve Stanger
Steve Steve
Steve Ward
Steve Werner
Steven Bauer
Steven Dore
Steven Gold
Steven Gruenhut
Steven Hegarty
Steven Heim
Steven J Bomba
Steven King
Steven Lipsitz
Steven Oz
Stewart Leicester
Stone Ridge
Stonewall Ballard
Strange Ross
Stu Hamstra
Stuart Beraha
Stuart Forsyth
Stuart Katz
Sue Daly
Susan Joseph
Susan Kayser
Susan Simon
Susan Weiss
Suzanne Bean
Suzanne R Brown
Sydney Schroeder
Sylvia Elliott
T David Epley
Takafumi Mizuno
Takuto Takagi
Tamir Scheinok
Tareck Elass
Tarik Sivonen
TC Seow
Ted Duffield
Ted Peters
Tellico John
Teri Applegate
Terrance A. Krisman
Terrence Hyndes
Terri MacMillan
Terry Darling
Terry Jonker
Terry Kopecky
Terry McCain
Terry Swensen
Theo Keup
Theodore Labotka
Thierry Almy
Thomas Abbott
Thomas Allen
Thomas Allison
Thomas Armbruester
Thomas Bajzek
Thomas Barry
Thomas Brouwer
Thomas Fries
Thomas Gaynor
Thomas Grundberg
Thomas Hazard
Thomas Heatly
Thomas Hofstetter
Thomas Knipp
Thomas Koehnen
Thomas Lowe
Thomas Marcum
Thomas Marshburn
Thomas Pitello
Thomas Rike
Thomas Roberts
Tidhar Tammuz-Jacobi
Tilak Hewagama
Till Bandi
Tim Christy
Tim Hannon
Tim Hodgson
Tim Houlihan
Tim Hurson
Tim McDonough
Tim O'Donoghue
Tim Skola
Timothy Conway
Timothy Gjenvick
Timothy Lyons
Timothy McGonagle
Timothy Rueger
Timothy Taylor
Tina Garfield
Tobias Fischer
Toby Earp
Toby Malina
Todd Peskin
Todd Schmidt
Todd Wachob
Tom and Barbara Greenspon
Tom Anderson
Tom Bickle
Tom Bridge
Tom Clark
Tom Fortmann
Tom Fritz
Tom Gamble
Tom Kimple
Tom Knoff
Tom Lewis
Tom McIntosh
Tom Mulkerin
Tom Overton
Tom Ransom
Tom Robinson
Tom Serkowski
Tom Sherman
Tom Straus
Tom Weber
Tom Wildman
Tomas Steinmann
Tommy Weir
Tony Brassel
Tony Dearness
Tony Ewing
Tony Hill
Tony Roberts
Tony Tinsley
Tony Wight
Travis Johnsen
Trev Johnson
Trevor Lawrence
Tricia Garner
Tripp Frohlichstein
Trudy Festinger
Tsuneo Hasebe
Val Harper
Valerie Bergeron
valerie zeller
Vee S.
Verne Schmickley
Vernon Gale
Vernon Liang
Vic Owen
Victoria Herring
Vince Heuring
Vincent Hevern
Virgil Jain
Virgil Nicolae
Virginia A Campbell
W Richard Glendon
W. Andrew Robinson
W.P. Fleischmann
Wade Jordan
Wade Staddon
Wallace Oliver
Walley Francis
Wally Babakaiff
Wally Jones
Walt Novinger
Walter Ikehara
Walter Klores
Ward Clark
Warren Bunker
Wayland T Washington
Wayne A. Schapper
Wayne Johnson
Wayne Lammers
Wayne Lilley
Wayne Till
Web Bixby
Weldon Dodd
Wendell Mendell
Wendy S. Austin
Wesson Gaige
Whit Downer
Wieland Hartwig
Wilbur Vantine
Will Mayall
william allen
William Ansley
William Arnold
William B. Abbott III
William Bartlett Jr
William Beck
William Bowden
William Ching
William D Toes
William Doemel
William E Ball
William Edwards
William Ferguson
William Garrett
William Geraci
William Giles
William Grace
William Hanenburg
William Hern
William Hide
William Hurley
William Jordan IV
William K Bawden
William Kint
William Kish
William L Alton
William Lisowski
William MacLeod
William OBrien
William Patterson
William Postman Jr.
William R Wing
William Reveal
William Riski
William Robbins
William Seligman
William Shack
William Sharp
William Shepherd
William Spotz
William Trent
Willis Spaulding
Willy Sejr Dierks
Yin-Chai Cheah
Yoshihiro Suzuki
Yvonne Bowers
Zack Braff