Skip to content
Thoughtful, detailed coverage of everything Apple for 34 years
and the TidBITS Content Network for Apple professionals
Show excerpts


Use Eudora? Thinking about using Eudora? A detailed look at the unusual features in the just-released Eudora 5.0 anchors this week’s issue, and Kirk McElhearn returns to BookBITS with a review of Newton’s Telecom Dictionary. New releases include BBEdit 6.0, Default Folder 3.0.7, and VSE Link Tester 3.1, and we report on the surprising results of last week’s poll on 68K Macintosh usage and present a vocabulary quiz for this week’s brain tester.

Jeff Carlson No comments

BBEdit 6.0 Improves Powerful Text Editing

BBEdit 6.0 Improves Powerful Text Editing — Bare Bones Software today released BBEdit 6.0, the company’s flagship text editor and HTML authoring tool. The new version supports editing of multi-byte text and recognizes Web language specifications for HTML 4.01, XHTML 1.0, and WML 1.1 for use with its markup tools. HTML authors can now access improved Web-safe color palettes and insert and edit commands using contextual menus. BBEdit’s sophisticated search and replace feature incorporates improvements for working with multiple files, including filtering for several criteria. BBEdit 6.0 also improves its OSA scripting support, introduces a plug-in architecture for developers looking to customize syntax highlighting and functions, and adds other refinements such as Apple Keychain support and multiple clipboards. Upgrades are available in several forms: those who bought BBEdit 5.x after 01-Jun-00 can upgrade for free; owners of BBEdit 2.5 and later can get it for $39 directly from Bare Bones Software; and a cross-upgrade price of $79 applies to owners of competing and complementary products (see the Bare Bones Web site for a list). The full retail price is $119. A 5 MB demo is also available. [JLC]



Jeff Carlson No comments

Default Folder 3.0.7 Squashes Bugs

Default Folder 3.0.7 Squashes Bugs — St. Clair Software has released Default Folder 3.0.7, an update to the company’s shareware utility for improving file access through Open and Save dialog boxes. (See "Tools We Use: Default Folder" in TidBITS-475.) The update fixes a few potentially crashing bugs (including one when Internet Explorer 5 was running), no longer includes invisible folders in its Recent Folder list, and improves handling of its optional pop-up menu for accessing folders from the Finder. The 685K update is free for owners of Default Folder 3.x and those who purchased version 2.x after 31-Jan-98. Otherwise, the program can be updated for $15 or registered in full for $25. [JLC]



Jeff Carlson No comments

VSE Link Tester 3.1 and Wet Noodles

VSE Link Tester 3.1 and Wet Noodles — In last week’s issue, we mentioned VSE Link Tester 3.0, an upgrade to the utility for verifying Web site links (see "Tools We Use: Link Tester" in TidBITS-537 for an overview of the program). Unfortunately, we mis-identified it as "VSE Link Checker," an ironic gaffe considering our Managing Editor’s failure to do his own checking. Rest assured, Jeff has been cooking up a large pot of wet noodles for self-flagellation due to the mistake. In the meantime, VSE has released VSE Link Tester 3.1, an update that can pose as 24 user agents for dealing with browser-specific versions of Web pages. The update (a 1.7 MB download) also fixes a handful of bugs and display glitches. [JLC]




Jeff Carlson No comments

Poll Results: 68K or Bust?!

Poll Results: 68K or Bust?! Plenty of people still use older Macs built using the 68000 processor line, ranging from the once-mighty Quadra and IIfx down to the SE/30, Mac Plus, and even the original 128K Mac. They make great low-volume servers, or secondary machines for word processing or email. But these days, most software requires a PowerPC-based Mac. So we asked, "If you still regularly use a 68K Macintosh, do you attempt to keep its software up-to-date?" The results were surprisingly balanced. Of the almost 1,100 responses, 26 percent don’t use 68K Macs, while 24 percent of 68K users don’t update the software at all, keeping their machines frozen in time. Of the remaining respondents, 26 percent update only a few key 68K programs, while the other 25 percent keep their software as up-to-date as possible. For more information on working with outdated software, see Matt Neuburg’s article "Long Day’s Journey into Night of the Living Dead Software" in TidBITS-494. [JLC]



Adam Engst No comments

Quiz Preview: Less is Moire

Quiz Preview: Less is Moire — As an evaluation of your knowledge of computer terms before you run out to buy a copy of Newton’s Telecom Dictionary, reviewed by Kirk McElhearn below, this week’s quiz is a "which one of these terms isn’t like the others" test made famous by the children’s television program Sesame Street. We’ve come up with four terms, three of which are related, and it’s up to you to identify which of them doesn’t match. [ACE]


Kirk McElhearn No comments

BookBITS: Telling the Bits from the Bytes

The speed of technology engenders not only growth in computer performance, but also in the number of words we use to talk about it. Computer terminology may not approach the doubling in chip performance that occurs every 18 months according to Moore’s Law, but it can feel like that at times. Recent years have seen such new terms as streaming video, DSL, XML, portal, WAP, FireWire, and USB. Many TidBITS readers may know these words and their meanings, but what about terms like beepilepsy, stovepiping, or IEEE 1394? If you need to know what these terms mean, you could find out by doing a Web search, but if you want them all in one place, an up-to-date dictionary is essential. Most users may get by with knowing the basic words that are unavoidable, like hard disk, RAM, and CD-ROM, but for those who work in the computer business and care about using language correctly, a good dictionary of technical terms is essential.

Newton’s Telecom Dictionary, by Harry Newton (Telecom Books, $32.95) is the mother of all computer dictionaries. This perpetually soon-to-be-obsolete book tracks all the latest terms in computing, networking, and telecommunications. Don’t let the title throw you off – it may have initially been about telecommunications, but over the years, the book has morphed into a computer dictionary as well. Now in its 16th edition, with over 1,000 pages, you would be hard pressed to find a computer term that it doesn’t define… at least for a few months.

< ISBN=1578200539/tidbitselectro00A/>

Avoiding obsolescence is the main problem computer dictionaries face. As technology moves ever onward, it is hard for the authors of a dictionary to keep up. Harry Newton updates the book every six months (there is a new numbered edition each year and an interim update every six months, under the same edition number), and he claims to add 100 new terms per week. So, you can be sure that whenever you buy it, it will be more or less up to date, until the next edition.

Despite the title, Newton’s Telecom Dictionary is more than just a dictionary. Many of its definitions are sufficiently detailed – some as long as four pages – to justify calling it an encyclopedia. They’re well-written, and even exhibit a sense of humor at times. Take, for example, the definition for leg iron: "1. […] What [telephone] personnel wear to climb wooden poles. 2. Worn by prisoners to prevent them running away. Many customers want their telephone technicians to wear them until their system is up-and-running 100%." Harry Newton clearly aimed this book at a non-technical audience, which makes it useful for students of computing, as well as for executives who need to understand what their engineers are talking about.

The book also contains thousands of abbreviations and acronyms from A to ZZF, covering the most common abbreviations used in computing. Harry Newton, however, doesn’t try to provide an exhaustive list of abbreviations, given the vast number that aren’t in common use.

Although Newton’s Telecom Dictionary is an invaluable reference tool for anyone working with computers and language, it could be better. The paper version works well for browsing, but I’d find a CD-ROM or online version useful for quickly looking up definitions and searching for words within definitions. As an example of how helpful this is, visit Denis Howe’s less-extensive FOLDOC, the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, which can also transfer searches to the Google search engine and the OneLook meta-dictionary search site. Another useful source for looking up abbreviation expansions online is the long-standing WorldWideWeb Acronym and Abbreviation Server.



I’d also like to see some sort of an upgrade path for current users. The economics of the publishing world (and of shipping 1,000-page books) probably ensure there’s no way the publisher could provide physical upgrades. But what about serving existing readers online? I probably won’t buy a new copy every year, but I’d be happier if I could consult a password-protected Web site for updates.

Quibbles aside, Newton’s Telecom Dictionary remains the essential reference for those of us who not only need to use the right terms when writing about technology, but also need to know precisely what they mean. With this book weighing down your bookshelf, you can be sure of finding and understanding the words behind the bits and bytes.

[Kirk McElhearn is a freelance translator and technical writer living in a village in the French Alps.]

Adam Engst No comments

Eudora 5.0 Reads Your Mind

With today’s release of Eudora 5.0, Qualcomm has at once shored up some weak spots in their popular email program and raised the bar with innovative new features. Foremost among the new features are Eudora Sharing Protocol (ESP), a plug-in that enables Eudora users to maintain the contents of shared folders automatically via email, and MoodWatch, a new technology that gives some indication of the "spiciness" of a message. But let’s start with the "it’s about time" features.


Basic I/O Functions — Many have complained about Eudora’s inability to import messages from the proprietary database formats of other common email programs. Eudora 5.0 finally adds the capability to import mail from Claris Emailer 2.0 and Outlook Express 5.0, and although the feature won’t interest existing Eudora users much, it should make converting to Eudora easier. Unlike most other importers, Eudora doesn’t rely on a slow Apple event-based approach, and in my testing, imports of a few hundred messages moved along quickly.

Those who have mail that was originally received by Claris Emailer 1.x may experience some problems though, since older messages that displayed fine in Emailer 2.0 don’t always import properly into Eudora. Running the messages through Outlook Express didn’t seem to help either, though the results were different. Messages created in Emailer 2.0 or Outlook Express 5.0 posed fewer problems, although it’s still a good idea to rebuild your email database before attempting an import (launch those programs with the Option key held down; in Emailer, perform an Advanced Rebuild). And of course, if all else fails, you can fall back on the AppleScript scripts that have worked in the past (for details, see "Switching from Emailer to Eudora in Leaps and Bounds" in TidBITS-528). Qualcomm has been made aware of the problem and is aiming for a fix in 5.0.1.


Little Black Book — Qualcomm is slowly updating various large sections of Eudora, such as Eudora Pro 4.2’s radically improved Search functionality that we discussed in "Eudora Pro 4.2 Continues to Deliver" in TidBITS-488. In 5.0, the Address Book receives some attention, though the results are nowhere near as compelling as 4.2’s new Search. Essentially, the Address Book gains an interface similar to the Mailboxes window with small icons for address books, individuals, and groups, and it also now stores more information, thanks to the addition of Home, Work, Other, and Notes tabs.


Although there’s nothing particularly wrong with the new Address Book, there’s nothing particularly interesting about it either. It’s the old Address Book with additional fields. When asked, Steve Dorner (Eudora’s primary author) said that the Eudora 5.0 Address Book was mostly laying the foundation for future features, such as Palm synchronization and integration of contacts with email messages. Clearly, Qualcomm is trying to match Outlook Express 5.0 on a feature checklist basis, and an improved Address Book was necessary for that goal.

For people with any kind of serious needs from their contact managers, Eudora 5.0’s Address Book is just a tease, much like the same feature in Outlook Express. I don’t even want to see Eudora’s Address Book replace my copy of Now Contact, though I’d appreciate some synchronization between the two. I’d prefer to see Eudora’s Address Book concentrate on email-specific features. How about a fast search for all mail from or to selected contacts? Or perhaps Eudora could include contact information in headers that other copies of Eudora could use to populate the automatically generated nicknames in the History List more completely?

Scripts on the Menu — Another small feature that many advanced Eudora users will appreciate is the addition of a Scripts menu that provides fast access to AppleScript scripts stored in the Scripts Folder (inside the Eudora Stuff folder in Eudora’s application folder). The first item in that menu is Open Scripts Folder; after the Scripts Folder opens in the Finder, you can drop any scripts you use into it and execute them by choosing them from the Scripts menu. It’s a nice touch, and it also enables you to attach scripts to toolbar buttons by Command-clicking an empty spot on the toolbar and choosing a script.

Lies, Damned Lies, and Statistics — With this next feature, statistics on your email usage, Eudora starts to raise the bar for email once again. The feature itself is mostly for fun, but it’s unusual and provides information that we all bandy about as evidence of email machismo. How many email messages do you get every day? Thanks to Eudora’s new statistics window, accessible from the Window menu, I know that my estimates of 150 messages per day were spot on. In the two months I’ve been using beta versions of Eudora 5.0, I’ve received an average of 148 messages per day, 1,039 messages per week, and 4,519 messages per month. Similarly, I send an average of 41 messages per day, 288 per week, and 1,255 per month. Even more interesting, Eudora tells me that I spend an average of 1.8 hours per day using Eudora, 12 hours per week, and 55 hours per month. That’s actual activity in Eudora, not just the time the application is open. Eudora happily displays all these statistics for the year as well.

< mailstats.html>

If you click the More statistics checkbox, you can learn how your activities break down. I see that I spend 29 percent of my time reading mail, 61 percent composing, and 10 percent mucking about with other things. With sent mail, I can see how my outgoing mail breaks down by forwarded messages, replied to messages, redirected messages, and attachments sent. For incoming mail, I can tell how many attachments I’ve received and what percentage of my incoming mail I’ve read.

Along with the raw numbers, Eudora draws graphs that clarify your patterns of sending mail, receiving mail, and using Eudora. The graphs also showed me that Eudora considers importing mail the same as receiving mail, and some tests I’d done had resulted in importing 1,800 messages. Since the dates on the Emailer 1.x messages I was importing were screwed up, Eudora counted them as arriving the day I did the import. I didn’t want to skew my numbers that radically, but since Eudora actually stores the statistics in a straight-text XML file in the Eudora Folder, I was able to edit out the spike by changing some numbers.

Mood Rings — Remember those mood rings from long ago that claimed to report your mood by changing color? I presume they worked on temperature – the hotter you got, the more uptight the mood ring claimed you were. New in Eudora 5.0 is a superficially similar feature called MoodWatch, which is based on work done by David Kaufer, chairman of the English department at Carnegie Mellon University. Qualcomm implemented David Kaufer’s work in a fast algorithm that examines every message to identify words or phrases that some people might find offensive. The basic idea is to determine if what you’re writing might be construed as a flame, or as a heads-up that an incoming message might be a flame before you start reading.

< moodwatch.html>

MoodWatch works both on incoming messages and messages you write, assigning every message between zero and three chili peppers to indicate the level of "spiciness." Chilies appear in a new mailbox column, and for outgoing messages, on the right side of the window toolbar (for zero chilies, outgoing messages display an icon that could be interpreted as an ice cube to indicate you’re cool).

I was initially dubious about MoodWatch, but I seldom find myself disagreeing with it, although why a message receives chilies is occasionally confusing. For instance, ListSTAR sends me daily logs that often have chili ratings, which befuddled me until I realized that they were generally related to the subjects or senders of spam messages directed at my auto-replies.

MoodWatch is mostly informational, but it does offer some interactivity. In the MoodWatch settings panel, you can decide if you want it to warn you when sending messages with a certain chili rating. You can also Option-click on a message’s chili rating in a mailbox window to select all messages with the same rating. However, you cannot search or filter on chili ratings, because the entire system is sufficiently subjective that searches or filters could easily produce undesirable results.

I mostly like seeing the chili ratings on the messages I’m writing, and just last week I reworded a hastily composed paragraph in a message that simply didn’t need the expression that generated a pair of chilies. I’m a strong believer in using language appropriately, and if that means a message needs to go out with a full three-chili rating, so be it. But having Eudora warn me about inadvertent mistakes when I’m not paying attention is welcome.

A few notes about MoodWatch: It’s specific to English (and probably American English at that), so your results may vary when using other languages. It’s also entirely internal to your copy of Eudora, so no one using other email programs will see the chili ratings in any way. And of course, you can always turn it off.

ESP: Not What You’re Thinking — Eudora 5.0’s most innovative feature is ESP, a plug-in whose name expands to Eudora Sharing Protocol. At its heart, ESP is simple – it enables everyone in a group of Eudora users to maintain a folder whose contents are identical on each person’s machine, with ESP automatically sending and receiving updates from the members of the group. It all happens via standard email, but without bothering you with the automatic messages.


For the most part, you don’t do anything in ESP itself; it just works in the background, occasionally prompting you with dialogs when necessary. But to create or configure groups, you work within the plug-in’s interface, accessible by choosing ESP Groups from the Special menu (if that item isn’t present, the ESP plug-in isn’t installed where Eudora can find it, preferably in your Eudora Stuff folder).

An ESP group has several parts, including the shared folder itself (created by default in an ESP Groups folder in your Documents folder), a Eudora mailbox to store messages from the group, and the Eudora personality to apply to your outgoing messages to the group. An ESP group also contains a list of users, each of whom can play one of four roles: full member (send and receive updates), broadcasting member (send updates only), receiving member (receive updates only), and custom member (obey a set of custom actions regarding new, updated, and deleted items in the shared folder). The group creator uses ESP itself to invite users; it creates customized messages with a special attachment that the invitee’s copy of ESP uses to configure itself to participate in the new group. Although the group creator can set an initial role for each invitee and even set a warning to appear if that person tries to change his or her role, control ultimately lies with each individual.

When anything changes in one copy of the shared folder, ESP packages up the necessary files along with instructions to the remote copies of ESP about what actions to perform and sends the message out. The receiving copies of ESP then unpack the files, look at the instructions, and perform the necessary actions to keep everyone’s shared folder synchronized.

It’s hard to predict exactly how people will use ESP because although ESP is good at maintaining multiple backups of updated and deleted documents, the disconnected nature of email means that it is possible for two people to modify the same file at the same time. Put simply, if you already have and rely on a single shared folder on a centralized server, you’ll find switching to a distributed shared folder maintained by ESP frustrating, since you never know who’s working on a file or if your folder has all the latest changes. My feeling is that ESP is not ideal for sharing documents that multiple people change frequently.

Where ESP’s brilliance shines through is in easing email file distribution among a group. For instance, I’m creating and editing content for a Web site right now, and I’m constantly mailing drafts and final copies all over the place. Worse, whenever I receive an edited version, it’s a totally new document whose changes I have to merge manually. If we were using ESP, I’d only have to worry about the current version of the document in the shared folder, and I could set the number of backup versions to retain in case of trouble. Another use of ESP might come in maintaining a shared folder of family photographs, where each member of the family could simply drop pictures into the folder to send them out the entire family.

Overall, I find ESP fascinating because it introduces intelligence into the process of sharing files via email, something we all do these days. Although you would set up ESP only if you anticipated an ongoing need to share files with a group, the functionality is sufficiently compelling that even people who must rely on other email programs might consider setting up a special POP email address (such as one via Apple’s iTools or at Yahoo Mail) and running Eudora purely for ESP’s file synchronization features. Luckily, ESP is cross-platform, so people using Eudora 5.0 for Windows can also participate in ESP groups.



Upgrade Details — Eudora 5.0 is the first upgrade Qualcomm has released since Eudora Pro 4.0 back in January of 1998 that requires payment from some users. Whether or not you have to pay depends not on what version of Eudora you’re currently using, but which version you last purchased. If you bought Eudora Pro 4.0 or 4.2 (whether or not you’ve subsequently taken advantage of the free upgrade to 4.3), the upgrade costs $30. If, however, you bought Eudora 4.3 to switch from Sponsored or Light mode into Paid mode, the upgrade to 5.0 is free.


If you’re currently running Eudora 4.3, you can verify your situation and download Eudora 5.0 by first choosing Payment & Registration from the Help menu, and then clicking the "Find the Latest Update to Eudora" button (you must be connected to the Internet). A moment or two later, Eudora will display a window telling you that 5.0 is available, and if you’re running in Paid mode, whether or not you have to pay to run 5.0 in Paid mode. It’s a 4.7 MB download. If you have to upgrade, the first time you run Eudora 5.0, it will tell you that you have to pay to keep running in Paid mode and provide a link to pay on Qualcomm’s Web site. Eudora will then continue to run in Paid mode for an hour to provide time for the transaction to be completed and so you can receive the registration code Qualcomm’s servers will mail back to you.

If you haven’t already upgraded from 4.0 or 4.2 to 4.3, you must first upgrade to 4.3 and then follow the procedure above. If you’re still using a version of Eudora prior to 4.0, you’ll have to pay the full amount, which is $50.

Of course, if you wish to use Eudora 5.0 for free, you can still do so in Light mode (which lacks many of Eudora’s advanced features, including most of those mentioned above) or in Sponsored mode (which provides all of Eudora’s features but requires you view ads).

As with any upgrade, the question is whether or not the new version is worth the effort and cost of upgrading. With Eudora 5.0, the answer depends significantly on your situation:

  • If you bought Eudora 4.3 and will receive the upgrade for free, or if you rely on Eudora 4.3’s full feature set in Sponsored mode, I recommend the upgrade.

  • If you bought Eudora Pro 4.0 or 4.2 and upgraded to 4.3, I think the $30 upgrade is worthwhile, since you’re the sort who takes email seriously.

  • If you bought Eudora Pro 4.0 or 4.2 but never got around to upgrading to 4.3, I recommend thinking about whether the main new features in 5.0 (Scripts menu, Statistics window, MoodWatch, and ESP) would be worth $30 and two large downloads.

  • If you use Eudora 4.3 in Light mode or like using a much older version of Eudora, I recommend upgrading if (or when) you discover something about your current version that bothers you or your correspondents.

It’s hard to see quite why Qualcomm chose to call this Eudora 5.0, rather than something like 4.5. The version number bump was probably influenced by the competition with Microsoft’s Outlook Express 5.0, whose version number was artificially increased to be comparable with Internet Explorer 5.0.

But more to the point, although MoodWatch and ESP are fairly major features, they’re less compelling than the inline spelling checker and search functionality that appeared in Eudora Pro 4.2. And although Eudora 4.3’s changes mostly revolved around the move to Light, Sponsored, and Paid modes, in some ways that change would have made more sense as the event to trigger an integer upgrade. As it is, the upgrade is most understandable by the length of time you’ve received new features from Qualcomm for free, with only Eudora 4.3 purchasers qualifying for a free upgrade. That turns out be the key – from now on, upgrades for those who have paid for Eudora will be free for a period of a year after you paid.

No matter what the specifics of your situation may be, Eudora 5.0 is a credible upgrade in multiple ways, and even if it doesn’t address all of the program’s remaining shortcomings (the entire filter architecture is aching for an update, for instance), it’s worth serious consideration both as an upgrade and as a replacement for other email programs.