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iPhone Recommendations for Senior Citizens

It’s a truism that we’re all older than we’ve ever been. But some may feel age more keenly, like older friends and family members whose physical and cognitive capabilities have declined slightly or quite a lot. I remember giving my grandparents Bernie and Estelle an old-even-for-then Macintosh SE/30 back in the mid-90s and upgrading both them and my other Grandma Helen to gumdrop iMacs not long after. But after Grandpa Bernie died, my Grandma Estelle, though sharp as a tack, couldn’t physically use a keyboard, and she was denied the pleasure of directing him in exactly how to use it, just as she’d been his navigator on car trips for decades. As Grandma Helen started to succumb to dementia, it became ever more difficult for her to remember how to use the iMac, and we eventually took it away to reduce the distress it caused her (and us).

Nowadays, the devices in question are less commonly Macs and more often iPhones and iPads. That transition has prompted several valuable discussions in TidBITS Talk, one asking which iPhone model would be best for an 84-year-old who isn’t tech-savvy, and another looking for recommendations to simplify the iPhone interface for an 81-year-old who is starting to find his iPhone overwhelming. I’m attempting to distill into this article the best advice from those discussions, with added information from my experience helping older friends and family members with their iPhones.

It’s important to note that older users may require more accommodation than younger users. They usually know what they want, but they’re more likely to have physical limitations (like low vision or arthritis in the hands), their level of technical experience can vary more widely, and they need good reasons to learn new things. What works for one person may be inappropriate for another. If you’re helping someone pick out or set up an iPhone, listen carefully to what they say they want and combine that with what you know about their strengths and weaknesses. Try to introduce new things—like Check In; see “iOS 17’s Check In Feature Provides Peace of Mind and Could Even Save Lives,” 9 October 2023—by explaining how it will answer a desire they already have. That said, if they choose something you don’t know how to troubleshoot—like an Android tablet—you should clarify that you’ll be at sea, too.

Please don’t take offense at anything here—of course, not all older people have problems with technology! Physical and cognitive capabilities vary widely among people of every age—heck, our friend George Jedenoff turned 106 back in July, and he was going strong with his Mac back in 2019 (see “George Jedenoff: A 101-Year-Old TidBITS Reader,” 17 June 2019, and “102-Year-Old George Jedenoff Publishes His Autobiography,” 26 August 2019).

The Best iPhone for Senior Citizens

This TidBITS Talk discussion started with Gerald de Haan asking for advice on getting a new iPhone for his 84-year-old mother, who is accustomed to an iPhone with a home button and Touch ID and lacks a technical bent. He worried that an iPhone relying on Face ID would require her to learn too many new gestures. Others in the discussion agreed.

For instance, with Face ID, you swipe up from the bottom of the screen to return to the Home screen from an app, which is less obvious than pressing the home button on an iPhone with Touch ID. Another significant difference is that Touch ID users would be accustomed to swiping up from the bottom to display Control Center, whereas with Face ID, you open Control Center by swiping down from the top-right of the screen.

Because we all rely on familiar interface interaction patterns—essentially muscle memory—the “best” iPhone will usually be the one that’s the most like the previous one. In Gerald’s case, that would be a third-generation iPhone SE, which has the added benefit of being Apple’s least expensive model. In contrast, if the person in question has already grown accustomed to Face ID, it’s best to stick with one of those models if it fits their budget. Keep in mind that Apple sells previous-generation iPhones—new and refurbished—for hundreds less than the current models, which can help the pocketbook, too, with little to no loss of core features.

Although familiarity is good, remember you should ask the person what they want and combine that with what you know about them. JKBull’s 95-year-old mother just upgraded from an iPhone 8 with Touch ID to an iPhone 15 with Face ID. For her, the big win was moving from a 4.7-inch screen to a 6.1-inch screen, enabling her to jack up the font size to where she could read it easily and have more screen territory. As much as I consider the Plus and Pro Max models ludicrously large, their 6.7-inch screens could be even better than the 6.1-inch screen for someone with low vision. Settings to explore for such people include:

  • Settings > Display & Brightness > Text Size lets you boost text size in apps that support Dynamic Text.
  • Settings > Display & Brightness > Bold Text makes all the text on the iPhone darker.
  • Settings > Display & Brightness > Display Zoom > Larger Text bumps up the text size on the Lock Screen and Home Screen and in many apps, and it makes Home Screen icons larger.
    Display & Brightness settings to make the iPhone more readable
  • Settings > Accessibility > Display & Text Size > Larger Text provides a switch for Larger Accessibility Sizes that give you even larger options for the Text Size slider.
  • Settings > Accessibility > Display & Text Size has other useful options; consider enabling:
    • Button Shapes, which can make it easier to determine when text is a button instead of a descriptive label
    • On/Off Labels, which can make it a little more clear when a switch is on or off
    • Reduce Transparency, which eliminates visual bleedthrough of background interface elements
    • Increase Contrast, which is helpful for those with reduced visual contrast sensitivity, which can stem from cataracts or other eye conditions and makes everything they see soft at the edges
      Display & Text Size accessibility settings
  • Settings > Accessibility > Zoom can be helpful for those who need portions of the screen zoomed, but it’s hard to use and can be confusing, so reserve it for those highly incentivized to learn it.

Apple provides a dizzying array of additional options in Settings > Accessibility, and it’s absolutely worth exploring them to see if any will be helpful. Remember that many come with added complexity, such as learning new taps, gestures, or button presses.

One last note. Betty Taylor said on TidBITS Talk that her parents had significant difficulty with iPhone touch screens in their final years because of changes to their skin. She gave them pen-style capacitive styluses to work around their fingers not registering.

How Best to Simplify an iPhone

As the iPhone and iOS have become more capable, Apple has had to bulk up interface options. For many of us, that’s good—no one may use everything Apple provides, but everyone can pick and choose. However, those who find the options too much to deal with or end up in unexpected modes because of inadvertent swipes might do better with a more straightforward interface.

On TidBITS Talk, Michael broached the question of how to help an 81-year-old friend who was never a power user and is finding his iPhone with Face ID overwhelming. This user needs email, WhatsApp, Safari (where he plays Wordle every day but has to search Google for it each time), Photos, and several banking apps. Suggestions came fast and furious:

  • Add websites to the Home Screen.
  • Move unused apps to the App Library or delete them outright.
  • Arrange the most-used apps on the first Home Screen and Dock.
  • Turn off all unnecessary notifications.
  • Simplify access to frequently used chats, email recipients, and the like.
  • Use dictation or, if available, a Mac or iPad with a keyboard for text-intensive tasks.
  • Understand that communicating with young people may require learning new approaches.

Let’s look at each of these in more detail.

Add Websites to the Home Screen

Making Wordle, or any website, more accessible is simple: add it to the Home Screen. To do that, navigate to the desired page in Safari, tap the share icon, and tap Add to Home Screen. On the next screen, give the Home Screen icon a name (keep it short) and tap Add. Of course, in Wordle’s case, there’s also a NYT Games app that includes Wordle.

Add a website to the iPhone Home screen

Remove or Delete Unused Apps

Another way to reduce complexity is to arrange the most used apps on the first Home Screen. If the person uses other apps occasionally, locate them on a second Home Screen, but demote apps that aren’t being used at all to the App Library or delete them outright.

Touch and hold on any app to bring up a popover with a Remove App option. You can also touch and hold any empty spot on a Home Screen to enter jiggle mode and tap the ⊖ icon to bring up a popover with removal options. I wrote instructions for simultaneously moving multiple apps to the App Library in “Manage iPhone Home Screen Apps in Bulk with iOS 14’s App Library” (19 April 2021).

Remove apps from the iPhone Home screen

Arrange Apps for Ease of Access

The order in which icons appear on the Home Screen may be important too, and a discussion might reveal whether the person would prefer the icons to appear in order of use, alphabetically by name, or by icon color.

Don’t forget that the most-used apps can, and usually should, appear on the Dock.

To move icons around, touch and hold an empty space on a Home Screen to enter jiggle mode, then drag icons to the desired locations. I recommend reading “Five Tips for Easier Rearranging of iOS Apps” (22 September 2020) for techniques to make this process easier.

Turn Off All but Essential Notifications

Notifications can also contribute to a feeling of being overwhelmed. Apple provides various ways of managing or reducing notification frequency, but they feel to me like they’re designed primarily for busy professionals. For those who just want a less interrupting iPhone experience, I recommend using Settings > Notifications to display notifications as a list (more visible than a stack), turn off Scheduled Summary (because it can be unclear why something would appear then), and turn on Show Previews (so there’s more context for why a notification appeared). Then, go through the app list and turn off notifications entirely for all but essential apps, like Messages. Obviously, what counts as an essential app will vary, so talk through what those might be.

Turn off unnecessary iPhone notifications

Simplify Access to Frequently Used Conversations and Correspondents

Interfaces are easier to use when their elements are visible and don’t move. If you’re helping an older person simplify how they use their iPhone, you can lock down parts of  Messages and Mail.

For Messages, ask with whom the person regularly texts and pin those conversations. Touch and hold a conversation and tap Pin in the menu that appears. An icon for the conversation then appears at the top of the list, making it more accessible than having to scroll through any other conversations below. Pins sync across devices linked by iCloud if they also have a Mac or iPad.

Pin conversations in Messages

Other messaging apps, such as WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger, may have similar options. I categorically refuse to use them because of the harm done to individuals and society by their parent company, Meta, but not everyone can make that choice without losing access to important people.

For Mail, the problem often comes in addressing messages. You can trim contact lists so it’s easier to start typing a person’s name to add their address to the To line of a message. But if the person mostly sends email to a handful of people, I’ve whipped up a tiny Shortcut that you can download, edit with the desired names and addresses, and then add to the Home Screen. It uses just two actions: Choose From Menu and Open URLs, hard-coding the desired names in the menu and the appropriate mailto URLs in the menu details. (This last part was slightly fussy because Shortcuts wanted to work with variables. However, once I cleared the variable, it let me type the URL manually.) Once you’ve edited the Shortcut, use the down-pointing arrow menu at the top to rename it and save it to the Home Screen. Giving it a custom icon is left as an exercise for the reader. Tapping its Home Screen icon presents a menu of names, and selecting one creates a correctly addressed new message in Mail.

Shortcut to provide quick access to certain recipients in Mail

Use Dictation or Delegate Text-Intensive Tasks to a Mac or iPad with a Keyboard

Text-intensive activities, such as writing email, are challenging on iPhones for most of us, and that may be even more so for older people dealing with finger dexterity or movement issues. Although learning to tap the microphone button on the keyboard and dictating effectively may be difficult, the desire to communicate may outweigh the difficulty.

If they already have a Mac or an iPad with a keyboard, it may be worth helping them set it up for text-intensive tasks. (It’s highly unlikely to be worth purchasing another device and training the person to use it unless they’re already comfortable with routine keyboard use.) Email is the most obvious of such tasks, but even Messages may be easier for them to use on a larger screen and with a keyboard. And if anyone plans to emulate George Jedenoff and write an autobiography, a keyboard is almost certainly a must.

Understand Necessary Communication Compromises

Finally, it may be helpful to discuss new forms of communication. One thread of the TidBITS Talk conversation revolved around an older person not seeing any reason to text instead of emailing or calling. The problem is that it always takes two to tango, and one party or the other will often have to adjust their expectations and behavior to make communication happen fluidly.

For instance, if a grandparent wants to communicate with their grandchild, they may have to accept the need for text messages since many students won’t appreciate (or pick up) a phone call and may ignore most emails. Similarly, with communications being much more fluid today, engaging with frequent short messages or calls can be a good way to keep younger relatives from worrying.

Other Recommendations?

Again, I pretend no special insight into the needs of older iPhone users beyond what I’ve experienced with my parents and in-laws, and they get by just fine. (Although iPhone questions are guaranteed whenever we get together—luckily, I can usually figure out the answer.) So, if you help an elderly friend or family member with their iPhone, let us know in the comments what the situation is and which techniques you’ve found particularly effective.

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Comments About iPhone Recommendations for Senior Citizens

Notable Replies

  1. The ‘Email whom?’-script is a great idea. But it ought to have a cancel option.

  2. Good idea! I’ve added that now.

  3. Addressing security issues and the iPhone is another topic as is taking photos/videos–every single older person I’m associated with wants/needs to do that with their iPhone and making it less complex to take an image and “send” it (text or email) is key. In addition, many seniors use their iPhone in conjunction with the Apple Watch (my 89-year-old Mom loves how it looks so much “better” to her than those monthly subscription “alert” devices). Hence, I’d love some ideas from others (another article, Adam?) on optimizing those for older folks (e.g. the “larger” size Watch, while it can look a bit large on a thin wrist, is much easier to"finger navigate"). A great topic–thank you!

  4. Hi, Tonya
    I lost your email. If you still have my AOL or Dot Mac address, please contact me off list.

    Dennis Swaney

  5. Even though we’re an iPhone family, there was no way that we were going to get an iPhone for my wife’s mother, who’s never even used a computer. We opted for a simpler device made here in Japan that is pretty simple and doesn’t need regular updates, even though the camera isn’t much better than the ones in our last flip phone. It’s tough to try to explain to her how to use it.

  6. Thanks Adam for the article, I think many of the advice here is useful in general. Why did I not know that conversations can be pinned in Messages? Notifications management is also helpful in stewarding our attention. Removing unused apps seems like a generally good practice to me: this frees up space and unnecessary network/compute consumption.

  7. My wife and I are both insulted by the commercials targeting seniors for “simple” phones. We are both in our early 70s and retired from tech careers. Neither of us are intimidated by our iPhones and often take advantage of new features if they are useful for us. While some of the stereotypes apply - like my late mother - most people my age I know handle new tech easily.

  8. I’m 72, and have been using computers since the old days when instructions were punched into cards. I’ve owned computers since the early '80s. I have programmed in Fortran, Linear Programming, Basic, Foxpro, spreadsheets, and various word processors.

    But, I’m the only person in my extended family who does not own an iPhone. I do own a flip phone, but only carry and turn it on when I go into town. Yeah; this makes me a subject of mirth; I can bear it.

    Why? I live on a small island where I have to walk down to the road to get a signal. When I do use an iPhone, it won’t respond to my taps; first I’m told I hit it too hard, then too soft; give me a break. When I am given, for example, my wife’s iPhone and get it going, I am faced with dozens of options that I have to go through screen after screen to find what I want.

    What do I want from a cell phone? A PHONE! To TALK to people with, and make arrangements with people immediately. NOT to exchange zillions of short meaningless texts a la “Sup Dude”. Not to do computing that can be done more efficiently with a real keyboard.

    I especially don’t want to memorize hundreds of new features that change weekly, although I know there are nerds who love this.

    For the phone function, I use our land line. If I’m not here when someone calls, it has voicemail that even goes to my email. I don’t get anxious if I’m not immediately available to the entire world. If it’s important, the caller will leave a message or, “gasp”, phone back later.

    Before I retired, I worked with people who strode around the office (that they never left) with Blackberries on their hips. I covered and travelled over thousands of square miles without a phone. And, did my job well. In some circumstances, like when cooperating with other officials and with farmers during forest fires, I grabbed a cellphone and used it as necessary. They do have their place. A limited place.

    Thus endeth the rant. Thanks for the opportunity to get it off my chest.

  9. GV

    One issue with your instructions: In the Section “The Best iPhone for Senior Citizens” the first set of instructions for adjusting text size direct the reader to “Settings> Display and Text Size,” etc.

    But on my 2022 iPhone SE 3 (running iOS 17.0.3), those instructions are found at “Settings>Display and Brightness.”

    This may be a niggling difference to some folks. But even before I was officially a “senior citizen” sometimes I found such discrepancies to be more than a slight annoyance. This one isn’t too bad but I think that it should be corrected anyway. . .

  10. In my opinion, perhaps one of the most overlooked features for almost any user, is customizing the Control Center. As Adam’s article pointed out, it is accessed very differently on pre-FaceID devices, but this is still the best go-to place for most used features.

    I add a variety of things to people’s phones depending on how they typically use their device. But some of the most important ones are: Alarm/Timer, Camera, Flashlight, Magnifyer, Text Size. Also enable “Access Within Apps” so the user can always find these tools. Another addition might be Notes. This permits quick access to basic text note-taking. For those having difficulty in certain lighting conditions, perhaps add Dark Mode for quick toggle options.

    I intentionally put the Camera here because it is something people often want access to and they do not have to learn the left-swipe or require unlocking and hunting for the icon. Additionally, having Camera and Magnify on the same panel helps users learn to differentiate between these functions. Sadly, Apple’s implementation of Magnifier can be a bit confusing when you wish to save an image, but at least you can read small print with minimal effort.

    Of equal importance may be how you position these items, which may take a little trial-and-error. I try to position Camera and Magnify either side-by-side or directly above each other as they are similar in function. With the older home-button style phones (ie. iPhone 6, 7, 8 and SE v2-3) you begin to get crowded after 2 rows of 4 icons at the bottom of the Control Center. If possible, try to leave the last slot free as this provides a nice spot to tap a finger and close the Control Center from the bottom, right corner.

    One of my least favorite choices Apple has made is the WiFi and Bluetooth controls in Control Center that cannot fully disable either transmitter. You either have to engage Airplane Mode, or go digging into Settings to switch off completely.

    (SIDEBAR: I suspect these temporary Wifi/Bluetooth toggles may be due in part to Apple’s desire to keep their devices connected as much as possible. As such, they “discourage” disabling of networking beyond one day. Every iOS/iPadOS update re-activates both WiFi and Bluetooth regardless of their prior state. No prompts to engage the user’s choice, it just happens.)

  11. Quick tip: long-press that control center panel, then long-press the wifi icon, and you can more easily get to wifi settings.

    I know that this was a controversial change, but I really think that Apple made the right choice here. It is probably better to assume that most users want to disconnect from wifi just for now, but not forever. I know that I will occasionally be in a hotel; connect to its wifi, find that it is unresponsive, but cellular is working just fine, so I’ll disconnect. (Of course power users disagree, but they/we are surely able to figure out how to turn wifi on and off properly.)

    Features like handoff and AirDrop want these radios on, so, again, probably a good choice for most users.

  12. It’s more than those useful functions in the case of Bluetooth . . . hearing aid users.


  13. Tee hee! The rest of us are very envious of your island life . . . :slight_smile:

    There is one place where iPhone/Android phones are incredibly useful. (Make sure your wife is along with you.)


    If you’re prudent you’ll have analog backup for these things but with a smartphone you can fly without paper tickets, order a cab while you’re still approaching the gate, change reservations, make reservations, search for a restaurant you’ve heard about from the guy on the bus, reserve museum tickets, get a text from friends you’re meeting in an hour in a place where you can’t read the street signs, translate for you when you ask what that melon is (“Durian” Aiieeeee!) . . . the list goes on and on and on. They are a wonderful travel companion.


  14. This will be great for my mom :)

  15. Gah! You’re absolutely right, and I’ve fixed the text now.

    In retrospect, I think I know what went wrong. That list started with the options in Accessibility, where the item is “Display & Text Size” but at some point, I rearranged it and must have copied and pasted the items that should have used “Display & Brightness” but failed to update them.

  16. You didn’t know about this because iPhones are hard to use, a fact I addressed years and years ago. It borders on impossible to learn about features you do not already understand, and certain make-or-break concepts, like the umpteen kinds of long presses, are “discovered” at best accidentally.

  17. It is more than a little baffling that an article about usability for seniors completely ignores Assistive Access in iOS 17, which dramatically simplifies the overall experience to the point where it resembles running a flip phone.

    Also, while indeed addressed to some extent, the article ignores the crucial fact that exactly the people who are most apt to need emergency settings have no knowledge they exist and no ability to set them up. Even the absolute basic task of setting your own contact card (“What’s a contact card?”), upon which all else rests if you get in trouble in some way, is baffling and little-known. (That topic is almost impossible to find on Apple’s support site, even if you know what it’s called and are putting effort into locating it.)

    If your phone knows who you are and what your address is, and, further, who your wife, husband, son, or daughter are, you can tell Siri “Get me home” if you’re lost, or “Call my wife” if you’re having chest pain.

    I expect that barely half of longtime Tidbits readers even know this function exists, and half of that half have it set up.

    Last but not least: Were you hoping for a user manual you could sit at your desk and read while you figure out your new iPhone? There ain’t one. Even the iBooks version, which, again, barely anyone knows about, hasn’t been updated for iOS 17 (to the extent I can even determine that in the Books application).

  18. “Take Control” books are a very reliable, focused, easy to understand, and excellent resource of knowledge of the range of Apple hardware and software. Founded by Aden and Tonya Engst, and currently managed by the equally brilliant and dedicated Joel Kissel, they celebrated their 20th anniversary here on TidBITS about a week ago:

    I’m probably one of, if not the least, technically inclined member of this list, and have always benefited greatly from Take Control. IMHO they have titles that would be beneficial to every level of skill set.

  19. I also used to relay on the user guides in Books. But the Tips app on the iPhone has fairly detailed, comprehensive user guides for the iPhone, Apple Watch, HomePod, Apple TV, and AirPods (at least in iOS 17, not sure when these were added).

  20. For everyone who has vision trouble and is not afraid to try new software, I have released 2cBoard which is a keyboard with large, dynamic, and predictive keys. I hope that it will help any vision-impaired user to type when dictation will not do. The 2cBoard keyboard is available today on the App Store and is free to try.

  21. I’m revisiting this topic because I’ve just taken the time to look at Assistive Access (available in iOS 17). It looks fantastic but after poking around with it and trying it out for myself I’m hesitant to recommend it.

    It does, indeed, change the entire interface to favor large target buttons (a Back button everywhere! Thanks be to god!) and simplified usage which would save me endless support calls. But, there is a massive omission: when people are distractible or hard of hearing the common result is they miss phone calls. Assistive access provides a notification badge that they missed one which of course causes anxiety but you can’t see recent calls or hear voice mails in Assistive Access! What!? You must exit the mode in order to view them. (Oh! Great! Real simple. . . .) That omission alone causes me to dispense with the idea of installing this until they provide direct access to Recents & Voice Mail.

    You can add most any application to the available list in the mode (with the exception of Settings and Phone and perhaps others) but unless the developers have added support for the interface the app will run as usual with the exception of less screen space to provide for the sainted Back button. Still, for more sophisticated users it might be a possibility because they can still get to the apps they want to use.

    Let’s hope they iterate on this quickly. My support logs would shrink wonderfully.


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